Neale Badcock of London, Devon and Leicestershire




Neale
Badcock


(A Genealogical Study of the Descendants of John Badcock, Esq of London [c.1685-1756] and his wife, Eunice Neale [c.1682-1756], with notes also on their paternal ancestries and extended families)

Email: stephen-neale@tiscali.co.uk



Page under ongoing construction and revision: last update, 01.05.2014

(From December 2011, all major updates to this page and news about the family can be tracked by following this link)



Introduction

The current extent of the 'Neale Badcock' family tree, going back as it does, on the side of the Badcocks, to seventeenth century London, and on the side of the Neales, to fifteenth century Staffordshire, has been made possible by two factors: firstly, the prolific use of the patronymic prefix, 'Neale', a peculiarity which appears to have been used by this branch of the Badcock family, regardless of gender and with varying degrees of formality, for three centuries. When I first seriously delved into my genealogy in 1991/92, which entailed a visit to the Devon Record Office in Exeter, I was able to improve slightly on a basic family tree that had been given to me by an uncle - Edwin Arthur George Neale Badcock of Oadby, Leicestershire - and followed the route back to my great-great-great grandfather, Henry Neale Badcock of Axminster, who I discovered was baptised in the hamlet of Harpford, Devon in 1772 - the son of a 'John and Susannah'. That was as far as I got.

But I was intrigued by a family of 'Neale Badcocks' that I discovered had existed in eighteenth century London, details for which were returned by a search using the Mormon International Genealogical Index. Because of the matching patronymic combination, I was certain that there must have been a connection, but there I let the matter lay - mainly due to starting a family of my own, with the arrival of my eldest daughter, Hannah Louisa, in 1992. And there the matter may have lain in perpetuity, were it not for the second factor which made the current extent of the family tree possible, this being the Internet and something called, 'Google Books'. A random search for 'Neale Badcock' using this particular application in 2008 produced multiple references, most important of which was to an historical survey of London published in 1938; this provided the solution to my 'missing link', revealing that John Neale Badcock, Merchant of London also had residence in Ottery Saint Mary, Devon (some four miles from Harpford), and where his son, Henry Neale Badcock - the earliest known progenitor on the family tree my uncle had given me - had been born in 1772. Absolute confirmation of the connection, for me, was evidenced by the fact that John Neale Badcock had appointed, as one of his executors, the Reverend Francis Luce of Harpford.

In setting out on my genealogical research more than twenty years ago, there were two 'mysteries' which I wanted to solve: firstly, the origins of the exceptionally persistent affix, 'Neale'. This can now be explained, through the union of John Badcock of London to Eunice Neale, circa 1710. The other obvious question was, quite simply, in relation to my own direct line, how did such an influential and prosperous eighteenth century family, conjoined by a family of wealthy London merchants on the side of the Badcocks with an ancient family of landed gentry on the side of the Neales, diminish to such a modest station in life in the following century, my great-great-grandfather, Henry Charles Neale Badcock, moving to Ibstock in Leicestershire as headmaster of a non-conformist school around 1860. This may be answered, in part, by the fact that his father, Henry Neale Badcock - "gent of Axminster" - succumbed to bankruptcy in the year 1813, though it seems probable that the circumstances surrounding his illegitimate birth may also be significant.

This seems to be evidenced by a distinct bifurcation in the respective social histories of the descendants of two brothers, John and Richard Neale Badcock of London.


NEALE: Origins

Neale

Neale. Party sable and gules a leopard argent.

(Image from: 'Parishes : Little Woolstone', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 512-515. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62626 Date accessed: 30 June 2010).

Putting it all together ..

During the summer of 2010, I was finally able solve the riddle of why the name 'Neale' was so persistently associated with my Badcock ancestry. The rather stumbled, but nonetheless conclusive way in which I achieved this is set out here:

On 29th June 2010, my eldest daughter, Hannah, whilst carrying out searches on my behalf at the London Metropolitan Archives, discovered that her x 6 great grandparents, John and Eunice Badcock (my x 5 great grandparents) had had a son named Noah, baptised at Saint Martin's, Ludgate on 18 May 1716. I had not been aware of this particular sibling, but had already established that they had had four other children - all baptised at Ludgate Saint Martin's, namely Elizabeth Neale Badcock (1715); John Neale Badcock (1718); Richard Neale Badcock (1721) and Eunice Neale Badcock (1724).

Though still to discover a marriage record for John and Eunice, I had often wondered whether the surname of his spouse, Eunice, would have been 'Neale', which would most obviously account for the fact that their children were all also given this name. I might have been more diligent in investigating this as a possibility many years ago, had I not been thrown 'off scent' somewhat by the discovery of a baptismal record of 28 March 1628, for one 'Marye Badcocke' of Dartington, Devon, giving the name of her father as 'Anderian Badcocke' and that of her mother as simply, 'Neale'. Surely this was more than co-incidence I had reckoned, especially in that Dartington lies only thirty five miles from Harpford, but pure co-incidence it would now appear to be, albeit an extraordinary one. (It is also possible that since the clerk who made this entry used non-standardised spelling, as in 'Badcocke' and 'Marye', this particular occurrence of 'Neale' would naturally have been spelt in the same fashion, thereby matching the more standardised spelling used by the Neale family of that time, later to become associated with the Badcocks).

In June 2010, on discovering that the International Genealogical Index was now available as a searchable online database, I decided to search for the name 'Eunice Neale' among English baptisms for around the year 1685. This revealed that one Eunice Neale was baptised in 1682 at Stamford, Lincoln, the daughter of Noah and Elizabeth Neale and it subsequently transpired that this Noah's mother was also named Eunice. Given that the eldest two children of John and Eunice Badcock were christened Elizabeth Neale Badcock and Noah Badcock (their last child also being called Eunice Neale Badcock), it seemed quite possible that this was more than co-incidental.

Moreover, that Eunice Neale, daughter of Noah Neale, had been born in about 1682, put her at aged 32/33 - 41/42 years during the period 1715 - 1724, which is when the children of John and Eunice Badcock were born.

A Google search for Noah Neale yielded a copious return, showing that he was descended from a family of landed gentry, which, for more than two centuries held the Manor of Little Woolstone in Buckinghamshire. A pedigree, outlining his descent from John Neale Esq of Staffordshire (born around the middle of the fifteenth century), is set out in detail in Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, Volume Two (by John Burke, 1847), which traces the lineage of the Reverend Edward Vansittart (later Vansittart-Neale) 1769 - 1860, of Bisham Abbey and Allesley Park, Rector of Taplow, Buckinghamshire.

I was frustrated that Burke's account of the Neale family made no reference to a Eunice Neale, spouse of John Badcock, detailing only four of the children of Noah and Elizabeth Neale, though noting that they had also had 'other issue' (Mark Noble, in his 'Memoirs of the Protectoral-House of Cromwell', 1787, notes that Noah and Elizabeth Neale had three sons and seven daughters). Thus it was still not possible to state conclusively that Eunice Badcock was of this family.

Perhaps the greatest indication of a probable connection however, was that rendered by a random internet search on 30th June 2010, which - at 'Cambridgeshire Archives On-line Catalogue' - showed that in 1729, the Manor of Woolfox in Rutland was mortgaged to Noah Neale of Stamford Baron and John Cleeve of Holborn and that two years later, in 1731, it was mortgaged to John Badcock of London.

From Burke, I noted that a son of Noah Neale, Henry Neale, married Mary, daughter of John Cleeve of Halliwick Manor House, Colney Hatch, Middlesex. Both John Badcock and John Cleeve appear on "A List of his Majesty's Commissioners of the Lieutenancy, for the City of London" in 1724. (ref: Magnæ Britanniæ notitia: or, the present state of Great Britain... - Page 219). Cleeve is recorded as having been a soap-maker (ref: A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume Six: Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey with Highgate. 1980). So it seems quite possible that, as associates in the world of commerce and otherwise, John Badcock would have met Eunice Neale through the espousal of her brother, Henry, to Cleeve's daughter, Mary (or vice versa).

Feeling almost certain that the mounting trail of evidence was beginning to greatly outweigh the possibility of pure co-incidence, proof was finally established from information contained within the Last Will and Testament of Richard Neale Badcock, which I downloaded from the National Archives web site, on 9 August 2010, showing that he and John Neale Badcock, his brother (my x 4 great grandfather), were indeed the grandsons of Noah Neale and that their mother would have been Eunice Neale.

In this will, Richard is found to bequeath the sum of thirty guineas to his 'cousins', the Reverend John Bosworth, DD and Samuel Bosworth, Esq. By virtue of 'Google Books' - in an 1805 work entitled, 'Londinium Redivivum', we find that one Dame Hester Bosworth (died 3 September 1749), daughter of Noah Neale Esq of Stamford Baron, had married Sir John Bosworth, Chamberlain of the city of London, of which union there were eight children, two of whom survived them, namely John and Samuel Bosworth.

In the codicil to his will, Richard Neale Badcock bequeaths rings, each to the value of one guinea, to various relations, "as a small token of acknowledgement for favours returned", all of which can be found to connect to the issue of Noah Neale.

The nominated relatives in this codicil include: (i) The Revd Noah Neale Newcome and Mrs Newcome his wife; (ii) the Right Revd the Bishop of St Davids and Mrs Elizabeth Warren, his Lady Wife; and (iii) Sir John Smith, Bart and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Smith. These nominees connect to the Neale family thus:


(i) The Reverend Noah Neale Newcome and Mrs Newcome his wife:

Anna Maria Neale, daughter of Noah Neale, married Dr Daniel Newcome, Rector of Whimple and later Dean of Gloucester Cathedral (1730-1758), who was succeeded in the rectory of Whimple in 1745 by his son, Daniel Newcome MA (ref: John Lamb, 'Master's history of the College of Corpus Christi and the blessed Virgin Mary in the University of Cambridge').

Anna Maria Neale, wife of Dr Newcome, died on 20 May 1732 aged forty one years and her memorial tablet (pictured left) can be found in the parish church at Whimple, Devon.

From the Victoria County History of Gloucestershire, we learn that Daniel Newcome, Dean of Gloucester, owned an estate known as Collier's Elm Farm, which he settled in 1753 on the marriage of his son, the Revd Noah Neale Newcome, who died in 1782. In 1774, Noah Neale Newcome in turn settled this estate on the marriage of his daughter, Maria to the Revd Edward Cove. (ref: www.victoriacountyhistory.ac.uk/sites/default/.../Mulley_Manors_6452.pdf)

One Noah Neale Newcome appears as Vicar of Penmark, Glamorganshire, 1746 - 1751. (ref: Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1861).




(ii) The Right Revd the Bishop of St Davids and Mrs Elizabeth Warren, his Lady Wife:

From Burke's Landed Gentry, we learn that Noah Neale's daughter Elizabeth was married on 10 July 1700 to John Wyldbore of Peterborough and that one of her daughters, Frances Wyldbore was married to Henry Southwell of Wisbeach. Their daughter, Elizabeth Southwell, was married, in 1777, to Dr John Warren (1730 - 1800), who was Bishop of St David's (1779 - 1783) and then Bishop of Bangor, until his death.

Interestingly, a monument to Elizabeth Warren was erected in Westminster Abbey and is known as 'The Distressed Mother' (pictured left). This was the work of the sculptor, Sir Richard Westmacott (circa 1822), and takes the form of a woman in rags holding a child, which represents the recipients of Mrs Warren's charity.(ref: 'British Sculpture and the Company Raj', Barbara S Groseclose, 1995).

Another of her sisters, Mary Southwell married Sir James Eyre (1734 - 1799), Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.




(iii) Sir John Smith, Bart and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Smith:

Elizabeth Curtis, who would appear to have been a granddaughter of both Elizabeth and Sarah Neale, daughters of Noah, as a result of an inter-familial marriage, married Sir John Smith (1744 - 1807), High Sheriff of Dorset.

He was created Baronet of Sydling St Nicholas in that county on 1 June 1774; thus all subsequent baronets descend from the Neale Family. The title is currently held by Sir Hugh Cavendish Smith-Marriott, 11th Baronet (born 1925).

Lady Elizabeth Smith is recorded as having borne her husband twelve children, nine of which died in early infancy. She inherited a fortune from her maternal great uncle, Matthew Wyldbore MP, who died a bachelor in 1781. She herself died on 13 February 1796 at her London based home on Grosvenor Street and a fine memorial was erected to her memory in the church at Sydling St Nicholas, Dorset. This memorial (pictured left) also depicts her husband, Sir John Smith, in the lower part, seen rising from his tomb.

Their son, Sir John Wyldbore Smith (1770 - 1852), became the second Baronet of Sydling St Nicholas on the death of his father, having married Elizabeth Anna Marriott in 1797, daughter of the Revd James Marriott of Horsmonden in Kent.

To add another twist of inter-familial complexity, which seems almost too taxing, mentally, to work out, we find (from William Betham's "Baronetage of England", volume three) that Sir John Wyldbore Smith's wife was also a great-granddaughter of Sir John Bosworth and Hester Neale, the daughter of his mother's grandfather (my x6 great-grandfather), Noah Neale!


On acquiring a transcript of the will of my great-great-great-great grandfather, John Neale Badcock, which was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in 1786, I was intrigued to find that he bequeathed to his cousin, Lady Elizabeth Smith, "the picture of my Grandfather", which one assumes would have been a painted representation of Noah Neale.

In January 2011, I wrote to Sir Hugh Smith-Marriott, the current Baronet of Sydling Saint Nicholas and a descendant of Lady Elizabeth Smith, now of Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol, to ask him if he knew anything of this painting or its current whereabouts in the hope of being able to arrange to photograph it. The possibility of my coming "face to face" with a depiction of Noah Neale - my grandfather's grandfather's grandfather's grandfather - seemed a delicious prospect!

Within a week, this gentleman (in his eighty-sixth year) sent a warm and charming reply to my query:

"Dear Stephen,

Thank you for your letter of the 20th Jan. First of all I am delighted to hear of another member of our Neale family. I am afraid I cannot help as far as the family painting is concerned. The Horsmonden family home was sold many years ago and I assume that the painting was sold with it. So sadly I cannot give you much help in knowing where the painting would now be. Thank you for writing to me - it's very nice to hear of another of our lovely family.

With Best Wishes - Yours,

Hugh Smith-Marriott"


Sir Hugh Smith-Marriott

Above: Sir Hugh Smith-Marriott, eleventh Baronet of Sydling St Nicholas, a title he inherited in 1984.

Sir Hugh is a descendant of Noah Neale through the union of his granddaughter, Elizabeth Curtis to Sir John Smith, first baronet.
John Neale Badcock, my great-great-great-great grandfather bequeathed a painting of Noah Neale (his grandfather) to Elizabeth in his will of 1785.
The above photograph of Sir Hugh is extracted from at an article about the Bristol Musical Comedy Club at the "This Is Bristol" website, dated 5 August 2009.



My own direct line of descent, following the lineage set out by Burke, is thus:

John Neyle or Neyll or Neale of Staffordshire begot Thomas Neale of Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire (born 1481, died circa 1530); who, by union with the daughter of Emlin Cheshire of Wellington, Salop, begot Richard Neale of Dean, Bedfordshire (born 1511); who, by union with Alice Moore (daughter of Thomas Moore, Esq of Burton) begot Thomas Neale of Dean (born 1541, died 30.11.1637); who, by union to Anne Dayrell (daughter of Francis Dayrell, Esq of Lamport) in 1577 begot Peter Neale of Dean (baptised 15 October 1586, died 1661); who, by union to Anne Cave (daughter of William Cave, Esq of Baggrave, Leicestershire) begot Noah Neale (baptised 20 December 1612, died 1701); who, by union to Eunice Wade (died 1664 - daughter of Thomas Wade, Esq) begot Noah Neale (born 1647, died 1734); who, by union in 1675 to Elizabeth Warren (daughter of Henry Warren, Esq of Stamford Baron) begot Eunice Neale (baptised 1682 [All Saints, Stamford, Lincoln], died 1756); who, by union to John Badcock of London (died 1756) begot John Neale Badcock (1718 - 1785) - my great-great-great-great grandfather. This constitutes sixteen generations in relation to my daughters' direct line.


Burke's Landed Gentry: Other Neale Ancestors of Note and Royal Lineage
The Tomb of Paul Dayrell

Above: the sixteenth century tomb of Paul Dayrell (died 1571) and Dorothy, his third wife, in the church of St Nicholas, Lillingstone Dayrell, Buckinghamshire. He was my x11 great grandfather, being grandfather of Anne Dayrell, who married Thomas Neale (my x9 great grandfather) in 1577.



Burke's account, unsurprisingly, reveals generations of the Neale family marrying into other 'well-connected' families, inevitably yielding routes of descent from royalty and nobility.

Note is made of the marriage of Thomas Neale (my x9 great grandfather) to Anne Dayrell in 1577, daughter of Francis Dayrell of Lamport, the second son of Paul Dayrell, of Lillingstone Dayrell in Buckinghamshire. Francis Dayrell had married Anna, daughter of Sir Thomas Woodforde of Burnham, Buckinghamshire, a grandson of Sir Thomas Woodforde of Sproxton, 'fifteenth in descent from King William the Conqueror.'

I am grateful to Stephen Butt, author and historian, and founder of the Woodford family history website for recent correspondence which helps clarify the interesting matter of descents from royalty.

Following the line of Anna Woodford's descent from Sir John Woodford of Brentingby (born circa 1260), Stephen explains: "Regarding descents from royalty, there are several which can be traced through the female lines of the Leicestershire family. The Brabazons, Folvilles and Berkeleys all descend from royalty, but the obvious line is through Isabel Neville. The Nevilles have numerous marriages to royalty. There is a family tree in Ashby Folville church (of the Smith-Carington family) which traces Isabel Neville's ancestry back to Princess Elgiva (c912-953), and from her back through Alfred the Great to a Godwulf who was (allegedly) born about 80AD!"(Email, 26.10.11)

By referring to an article published in the Gentleman's Magazine of 1827, entitled "Pedigree of the Princess Elgiva and her Descendants", I had great fun in working out that, by following this particular route, it seems that I am thirtieth in descent from Ethelred II, King of England, 978 - 1013; 1014 - 1016 and thereby an extremely distant cousin of the present Queen of England.

This article follows a line of descent from Elgiva, daughter of Ethelred, to Sir Thomas Woodforde, "warrior of Agincourt". This Thomas was the x 4 great grandfather of Anne Dayrell, who married Thomas Neale, my x 9 great grandfather.

A Wikipedia article on the subject of royal descent cites that the eminent geneticist Professor Stephen Jones estimates that something like twenty five per cent of the British population is descended from the Plantagenets. Other genealogists believe this figure to be much greater. The difficulty is being able to prove one's descent from royalty, since for most, records used to enable genealogical mapping on any side of the family tend to peter out much beyond the seventeenth century. In any case, far from wanting to suggest any 'delusion of grandeur' on my own part in being able to evidence such a connection, it seems of far more importance to know that millions of individuals, regardless of immediate social background, share a common ancestral union with those in every strata of society. It remains, nonetheless, logistically, an extremely satisfying piece of 'detective work' on the part of any genealogist, in being fortunate enough to be able to follow an aspect of one's ancestry back quite so far!



The Neale family produced some particularly notable individuals. Matthew Wyldbore (c.1716 - 1781), son of Elizabeth Neale, daughter of Noah, was Member of Parliament for Peterborough, 1768 - 1780.

There is a story that one day, whilst Matthew Wyldbore was out walking on the common which once bordered the Fens, a dense mist descended and he became lost and afraid to move, fearing that he might fall into a cross drain or fen dyke. Then, at length, he heard the bells of Saint John's Church, Peterborough which guided him back to safety.

Matthew is said to have been so grateful for the guidance of the bells that he left to the bellringers of Saint John's a bequest for a peal of bells each year on the anniversary of his death, a tradition which continues to the present day on 15 March. (ref: www.fensmuseums.org.uk - 'Fenland Stories', accessed 26.06.11)

A monument to Matthew Wyldbore can be found in the Lady Chapel of Saint John's Parish Church, Peterborough.



Matthew Wyldbore's former residence in Peterborough

Above: The Mansion House, Westgate, Peterborough - the Georgian residence of Matthew Wyldbore, MP, grandson of Noah Neale. The house was demolished in 1926.

(Photograph copyright of Peterborough Museum and Art Gallery)

Another notable member of the family was Edward Vansittart Neale, M.A (1810 - 1892), barrister and Christian Socialist, who was responsible for founding the first co-operative store in London during the nineteenth century.

Edward Vansittart Neale (1810 - 1892)

Above: Edward Vansittart Neale.

Link to Biography of Edward Vansittart Neale at Wikipedia


He was the son of the Reverend Edward Vansittart, Rector of Taplow and, interestingly, by virtue of the marriage of his great-great-great-grandfather, John Neale to Anna Cromwell during the seventeenth century, was a blood relative of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England.


BADCOCK: Origins

Going back on the side of the Badcocks in this account, we reach a seventeenth century 'ceiling' with William Badcock (1622 - 1698), citizen and goldsmith of London, who was my x6 great grandfather.

It remains to be seen whether this line can be traced back further still, though in the introduction to his excellent history of the Badcock family which appeared in the 'Miscellanea, Genealogica et Heraldica' journal of December 1927, Colonel J.C Tyler writes: "There is very little material to be obtained such as would assist in making up a concise pedigree of any great length of any branch of this family."

Three Cocks GulesHowever, in examining the history of the Badcock family dealt with here, the surname itself seems to hold vital clues in respect of its probable origins and reasons for settlement in London. This is due to the fact that in the Heralds' Visitation of Essex in 1634 we find Badcocks in London sharing the same arms as those Badcocks originating from St Winnow in Cornwall and recorded in the visitation of Devon in 1620.

Though I am unable to evidence a direct link between William Badcock, the London goldsmith, and the members of the Badcock families recorded in these visitations, it seems probable that they would have been connected, having a mutual mercantile heritage. Moreover, it seems that descendants of William Badcock used the same arms - Sable, on a pale argent three cocks gules - in their armorial bearings (see below).

Tyler writes: "No less than three shields are shown for the Badcocks in Cornwall and although the ordinaries are different, yet the charges in each case are three cocks, generally gules."

That the Cornish Badcocks had these arms is said to originate from the fact that they evolved from a pictorial device known as the Merchants' Mark. This extended family of merchants would have originally required such emblems in their capacity as overseas traders. Tyler explains, "Before writing or printing and reading became general, merchants obviously required some method of marking their goods and, if they had no coat of arms, they required some badge for themselves and their vessels. Therefore a device was adopted as early as 1400 by merchants as a substitute for heraldic ensigns, when the latter were not conceded to them .. This will explain how it came about that the Cornish Badcocks required these heraldic insignia, their coat of arms, to distinguish their vessels, and why they varied the 'ordinaries' so as to indicate the different owners among the family".

The West Country abounds with historical records of people bearing the Badcock surname, as far back as the thirteenth century, and though it may be supposed that all of these individuals (throughout Devon, Somerset and Cornwall) sprang from a common origin, it seems probable that the earliest Badcocks who came to settle in London and the eastern counties were those of one particular family that sailed along the coast from the Fowey River in Cornwall. Tyler, whose particular interest was in the history of the Badcocks of Devon and Somerset, notes that this family should be treated differently from the Badcocks of Cornwall. Citing links between the Cornish Badcocks and those of Essex and London, Tyler explains: "We have cited these instances to show that one family in Cornwall moved freely through the whole length of the county from one end to the other and on the coasts, obviously journeying by sea, while, as we shall notice, the other family, of Devon and Somerset, held closely to the neighbourhood of the rivers to obtain the water power necessary for their fulling mills .. and now we can see perhaps why the Cornish Badcocks showed three different coats of arms and those of Devonshire not one. The former required them in their capacity as overseas merchants, the latter had no such use for them."

"So the Badcocks came to town," writes the Reverend G.W.L Stanhope-Lovell, a descendant of the Badcock family dealt with in this webpage, in his unpublished essay on 'The Badcocks of Cornwall, Devon and Somerset' (West Sussex Record Office) - it's contents borrowed heavily from Tyler - ".. and records become more certain with William Badcock, a 'Turkey Merchant', whose Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, March 29th. 1698".

Tyler's early twentieth century research into the Badcock origins is a remarkable piece of work and one is led to wonder how much more advanced it might have been had he had at his disposal the modern day resource of the Internet. The IGI database reveals a multitude of entries for Badcocks in London as far back as the sixteenth century, including numerous baptisms for Badcocks at Saint Andrew's, Holborn, during the reign of Elizabeth, which is where William, son of Richard Neale Badcock, was baptised two centuries later. Bearing in mind the likely Cornish connection, we also find (at the National Archives) that in 1498 one Margaret Tanner, widow of Richard Tanner of Tregany in Cornwall was indebted to a John Badcock, citizen and leatherseller (merchant) of London.

Tyler brings up one other possible source of origin for the Badcock family dealt with here. It will be seen that a grandson of William Badcock, Richard Lovell Badcock (a nephew of the John Badcock who married Eunice Neale) died in Bristol and that he was buried in the cathedral there on 16 September 1749. His presence in Bristol at the time of his death and certainly his burial in Bristol Cathedral seems something of a mystery. Stanhope-Lovell suggests, "perhaps he was there on family and trade business?"

Colonel Tyler goes a step further, drawing our attention to the fact that in the year 1499, we find among the Merchant Venturers of Bristol a certain Thomas Badcock, "about to engage in Commerce with Spain." This Thomas Badcock then appears to have lived in northern Spain for many years during the early sixteenth century, regularly corresponding with Cardinal Wolsey and his successor, Thomas Cromwell, availing the English government with Spanish naval and military intelligence.

Noting the fact of Richard Lovell Badcock's burial at Bristol - from whence Thomas Badcock originated - and also picking up on the fact (no doubt from Burke) that Richard Lovell Badcock's father, Richard Badcock was a London merchant, Tyler writes: "The inference is that these persons were of one family of Bristol Merchants."


Badcock Coat of Arms: 'Sable, on a pale argent three cock gules' - some notes on the use of these arms by members of this family.

I am grateful to Mr M P D O'Donoghue, York Herald of the College of Arms, for affording some insight into the matter of how this family may have come to use these arms.

The right of use to these particular arms by a family of Badcocks living in London in the early seventeenth century was confirmed by the Heralds in their Visitation of Essex in 1634. This account also shows that this family was related to another family of Badcocks using the same arms in Cornwall.

Mr O' Donoghue explains that this family's right of use to these arms may have been conceded by the heralds on production of evidence that they had been used by two or three generations of this particular family. Given that the arms may be of a medieval origin, perhaps - as Tyler suggests - having evolved from a merchant's mark, it may be the case that no record exists to show an original grant of these arms to a given individual; further research by an officer of the College of Arms would need to be commissioned in order to shed further light.

What is clear is that these arms were subsequently used, 'rightfully' or otherwise - more than a century later - by members of the London Badcock family dealt with here.

John Warburton, in his 'London and Middlesex Illustrated' (1749), records the usage of these specific arms - 'Sable, on a Pale Argent, three Cocks Gules' - as appertaing to "Badcock, Esq - late of Kensington, and of Swernow (sic), in the County of Cornwall".

This probably infers usage of these arms by Richard Lovell Badcock of Twickenham and Kensington, grandson of the London goldsmith, who - as previously noted - died at Bristol in 1749. 'Swernow' is presumably a misspelling of 'St Winnow.' It may be the case that Richard Lovell Badcock and his descendants simply adopted these arms as their own, such armorial descriptions having come into common knowledge by virtue of their publication in books from the time of the seventeenth century. There is also the possibility, of course, that these later London Badcocks who used these particular arms did so in the knowledge that they were of the same family.



Above: a section of the funeral hatchment of Sir John Harpur-Crewe, in the church of Saint Giles, Calke, Derbyshire, representing his widow, Lady Crewe.
She had been born Georgiana Jane Henrietta Eliza Lovell Badcock in 1824, a daughter of William Stanhope Badcock, RN and a great-great-great-granddaughter of William Badcock, the London goldsmith. Here, one can clearly see the sable, on a pale argent three cocks gules, which are combined in opposite quarters with the barry nebuly or and gules arms of the Lovell family, from which she was also descended.

Similarly, we find that another of William Badcock's descendants, Anne Bythia Badcock (Lady Crewe's aunt), has - in a memorial in Chichester Cathedral - the same combination of arms.


William Badcock (1622 - 1698) - my great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather, London Goldsmith.


This William Badcock established himself as a London goldsmith and hilt-maker and clearly made a great fortune for himself and his heirs in the city. His date of birth is given by Stanhope-Lovell as 1622, which, if correct, means that he fathered his children at an advanced age - his last son, another William, being born in 1696, by which time he would have been seventy three or seventy four years of age.

An example of his work can be found on display at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London (room 54b, case 2) - a sword with a hilt of cast and engraved silver, date 1676 - 1677 (hallmarked).

An image of this sword can be seen at the 'V&A' Collections Website. The description here also provides some biographical information: 'The maker of this hilt, was a working goldsmith. He was admitted to the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths of London in September 1668, and was also a member of the Longbow String Makers' Company of London. He was the author of a book on the gold and silver trade, A Touch-stone for Gold and Silver Wares, published in 1677, which was enlarged in 1679 as A New Touch-stone for Gold and Silver Wares. In the second edition he drew attention to the many fraudulent practices current in the trade at this period. He specifically mentions sword hilts, so this must have been a substantial part of his business.'

William Badcock appears on a list of St.Pancras taxpayers in 1693, being required to pay the sum of ten shillings following the execution of an Act of Parliament, "... for granting to Their Majesties an Aid of 4s. in the pound for one year for carrying on a vigorous war against France." This lists him as "Mr. William Badcock (north end of King's Road)", King's Road being re-named 'St.Pancras Way' in 1937. (From: 'Appendices: Pedigrees, surveys and other', Survey of London: volume 19: The parish of St Pancras part 2: Old St Pancras and Kentish Town (1938), pp. 132-147. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64877').

Seen left is the frontispiece to William Badcock's book, 'A Touch-stone for Gold and Silver Wares', from a re-print of 1708.

William Badcock and his wife, Elizabeth, had several children, most of which appear to have been baptised at the church of Saint Bride, Fleet Street.

Clearly, the great personal wealth amassed by this enterprising tradesman, William Badcock, made his sons an attractive prospect to ladies of more 'gentle' birth. Such marriages would have been a mutually beneficial arrangement, enabling the offspring of gentrified families to share in the fortunes of the 'nouveau-riche' and the latter to rid themselves of 'the taint of trade.' Referring to the marriage of William Badcock's eldest son, Richard Badcock, to Jane, daughter of Sir Salathiel Lovell, the Reverend G.W.L Stanhope-Lovell (one of his descendants) writes: "The matrilinear side of our descent becomes interestingly and old-fashionedly aristocratic." As we have seen, Richard's younger brother, John Badcock, was also to marry into gentry, through union to a daughter of Noah Neale, Esq of Stamford Baron and which throws up equally illustrious lines of 'aristocratic' forbears.



Detail of sword hilt by William Badcock
Detail of sword hilt by William Badcock

Detail of sword hilt by William Badcock, now housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

(Photographs emailed by Jonathan Neale Badcock, London, 05.08.2012)

Richard Badcock (1675 - 1722) - son of William Badcock; marriage to Jane Lovell and their descendants.

The eldest surviving son of William and Elizabeth Badcock, Richard Badcock, 'citizen and merchant of London, of Saint Martin, Ludgate', was baptised at Saint Bride's on 2 November 1675 and married (in about 1713) Jane, the fifth daughter of Sir Salathiel Lovell, an English judge.

From this union sprang a particularly distinguished branch of the Badcock family (known as the Lovell family from 1840) and which is followed in detail in a pedigree drawn up by Burke entitled, 'Badcock of Lincolnshire and Bucks' in his 'Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain' and also in that devised by George Lipscomb as 'Pedigree of Lovell, Badcock and Lovell' in his 'History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham'.

Richard Badcock and Jane Lovell had one son, Richard Lovell Badcock, baptised at Saint Martin's, Ludgate, London on 31 January 1721 - just five months before the baptism of Richard Neale Badcock in the same church. It was this link that led me to feel certain that the 'Neale Badcocks' and 'Lovell Badcocks' were part of the same family, though it was only in July 2012 that I secured conclusive proof that this was the case, again through information contained within wills held by the National Archives (of which, more later).

Richard Lovell Badcock, the sole son of Richard and Jane Badcock, married at Kensington in 1743, his cousin, Mary Lovell, a grand-daughter of Jane's brother, Samuel. He inherited considerable estates and died on 7 September 1749 in Bristol, where (as noted in the section, 'Badcock Origins') he was buried in Bristol Cathedral.

Richard Lovell Badcock left two sons - Lovell Badcock, baptised at Kensington in 1744 and Thomas Stanhope Badcock, baptised at Twickenham in 1749 and with these began a period of military adventures for the family.

The elder son, Lovell Badcock, of Little Missenden Abbey, Buckinghamshire and Maplethorpe Hall, Lincolnshire served in the 4th Dragoons during the American War of Independence and was High Sheriff of Buckingham in 1795. He died unmarried in 1797 and his estates devolved on his brother, Thomas Stanhope Badcock, who had also served during the American War (with the Royal Warwickshire Regiment) and also acted as High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, in 1809.



Sir Lovell Benjamin Badcock (1786 –1861) in Hussar Uniform
Extract from London Gazette, 10 April 1840


Above Left: General Sir Lovell Benjamin (Badcock) Lovell, 1786 - 1861, seen here in hussar uniform in a painting by T.W MacKay, which hangs at Calke Abbey, Derbyshire. His brother, Admiral William Stanhope (Badcock) Lovell, married Selina, daughter of Sir Henry Harpur Crewe, seventh baronet of Calke Abbey, in 1822 and one of their daughters, born as Georgiana Jane Henrietta Eliza Lovell Badcock (1824 - 1910), married her cousin - Sir John Harpur Crewe (1824 - 1886), the ninth baronet in 1845.

Above Right: Extract from the London Gazette of 10 April 1840, detailing change of surname from Badcock to that of Lovell, by royal sign manual. According to a National Trust guide at Calke Abbey, this name-change, occurring later in their lives, was actually effected as a condition of their receiving a Lovell family inheritance.

Thomas Stanhope Badcock married Anne, daughter of William Buckle, of The Mythe House, Tewkesbury, on 17 February 1780 and died on 13 April 1821, being buried in the Abbey Church at Bath. Thomas Stanhope Badcock and Anne Buckle produced two sons and two daughters. Lovell Benjamin Badcock (1786 - 11 March 1861), the eldest son, rose to the rank of lieutenant-general and served in the Peninsula War with the 14th Light Dragoons, being awarded the Peninsula Medal with eleven clasps; a greater number than was given to any other officer of cavalry. His brother, William Stanhope Badcock (1788 - 1859), attained the rank of vice-admiral and fought under Lord Nelson at Trafalgar in 1805. He was also present at the capture of Washington in 1814.

William Stanhope Badcock married Selina, daughter of Sir Henry Harpur Crewe, seventh baronet of Calke Abbey, in 1822 and one of their daughters, born as Georgiana Jane Henrietta Eliza Lovell Badcock (1824 - 1910), married her cousin - Sir John Harpur Crewe (1824 - 1886), the ninth baronet in 1845. Their son, Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe (1846 – 1924) was the tenth (and last) baronet.



Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe, tenth baronet
Calke Abbey, Derbyshire
Arthur Neale Badcock

Above: Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe (d. 1924), the last baronet of Calke Abbey, Derbyshire (Centre - now owned by the National Trust). Sir Vauncey was the son of Georgiana Jane Henrietta Eliza Lovell Badcock and the ninth baronet.

(From a personal perspective, it is fascinating to realise that Sir Vauncey was the fifth cousin of my grandfather, Arthur Neale Badcock [pictured right] - latterly a Nottinghamshire coalminer - both having the same x3 great-grandfather [William Badcock, the London goldsmith] and a particularly profound illustration of how, through the course of several generations, rigid social and economic dynamics can determine such lineal disparity).

The eldest daughter of Thomas Stanhope Badcock, Anne Bythia Badcock, further embellished the family's military legacy through her marriage, in 1809, to Major-General Sir Jasper Nicolls KCB. The youngest daughter, Sophia Badcock, was married in 1814 to the Reverend James Duke Coleridge, a nephew of the poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.


Putting it together - common descent of the 'Neale' and 'Lovell' branches of the Badcock family from William Badcock of London.

The will of William Badcock, the goldsmith, dated 18 October 1695, makes reference to his youngest children as James Badcock, John Badcock and Elizabeth Badcock. We then find that there is a codicil to this will, dated 4 September 1696, which takes into account the birth of another son, William Badcock.

The parish registers of Saint Bride's, Fleet Street record the baptisms of numerous children born to one William Badcock and his wife, Elizabeth, some of which are likely to have died at a young age. However, it seems certain that these baptismal records pertain to the issue of William Badcock, the goldsmith, as we find among them Richard Badcock (2 November 1675); James Badcock (12 February 1681); John Badcock (22 March 1685) and Elizabeth Badcock (4 February 1682). We then find, among the registers of Old Church, Saint Pancras, a reference to the baptism of one William Badcock (16 August 1696) - son of William and Elizabeth Badcock, which is significant, in that we know the will of William Badcock, the goldsmith, was revised in September 1696, to make provision for the birth of a further son, William.

The will of one Elizabeth Badcock, Spinster of Saint Martin Ludgate, City of London (proved 2 November 1738), details bequests to 'my loving brothers, John Badcock and William Badcock', and also to "my nephew Richard Lovell Badcock and to my nephews John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock." Clearly, this was the daughter of William Badcock, the goldsmith. Richard Badcock, the eldest brother and father of Richard Lovell Badcock is not mentioned, as we know that he had died in 1722.




Above: Extract from the will of Elizabeth Badcock, Spinster of Saint Martin, Ludgate (1738), which shows the cousinship of the 'Lovell Badcock' and 'Neale Badcock' families.


In piecing together this part of the family tree, matters were somewhat confused by information that I encountered on downloading the will of Elizabeth Badcock, Widow of Saint Martin, Ludgate, City of London (proved 4 November 1729).

That this would have been Elizabeth Badcock, widow of William Badcock, the goldsmith, is evident from the fact that she appoints as her executors, her sons, John Badcock and William Badcock, mentioning also her daughter, Elizabeth Badcock, and Richard Lovell Badcock as her 'grandson'. John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock are also included, but are referenced as 'nephews'. Given all other evidence at hand, I felt certain that the definition of John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock within this will as 'nephews' must have been an error, and that they would have been also, in fact, her 'grandsons'

This niggling discrepancy (which prevented me from confidently extending my own ancestral line by one generation) was subsequently resolved through an inspection of the will of William Badcock, Weaver of London, proved 11 August 1743 - the youngest son. This clearly confirms that the description of John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock as 'nephews' in the will of their grandmother is erroneous, as we read in the will of William Badcock: "I give to my nephew Richard Lovell Badcock and to the wife of my brother John Badcock and to John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock, sons of my said brother, one guinea each"

This will details the wife of William Badcock as Ann and their children as William, Richard and Ann Badcock. In the baptismal registers of Saint Martin's, Ludgate we find records for the following children born to one William Badcock and his spouse, Ann: Ann Badcock (born 6 September 1732, baptised 11 November 1732); William Badcock (born 4 August 1733, baptised 19 July 1733); Richard Badcock (born 26 July 1734, baptised 9 August 1734); a second Richard Badcock (born 25 November 1735, baptised 6 December 1735) and Elizabeth Badcock (born 26 February 1739, baptised 23 March 1739).


John Badcock (c.1685 - 1756) - my great-great-great-great-great grandfather


John Badcock, the son of William and Elizabeth Badcock, was baptised at Saint Bride's Church, Fleet Street, on 22 March 1685.

As detailed in the opening part of this webpage, it has been established that John Badcock married Eunice, daughter of Noah Neale, Esq of Stamford Baron.

They had at least five children: Elizabeth Neale Badcock (born 28 May 1715; baptised 14 June 1715); Noah Badcock (born 2 May 1716; baptised 18 May 1716); John Neale Badcock (born 6 January 1718; baptised 20 January 1718); Richard Neale Badcock (born 16 June 1721; baptised 1 July 1721) and Eunice Neale Badcock (born 26 March 1724; baptised 19 April 1724). All of these were baptised at Saint Martin's Church, Ludgate, London.



St Martin's, Ludgate
St Martin's, Ludgate

Nineteenth and Twenty-First century views of Saint Martin's Church, Ludgate, with Saint Paul's Cathedral in the background. John Neale Badcock and his siblings were christened here, between 1715 and 1724, their father, John Badcock, also having served as churchwarden here. Richard Neale Badcock is recorded as having been a scholar of Saint Paul's School.

John Badcock was an eminent London mercer, whose business at Ludgate Hill was later carried on by his two sons, John Neale Badcock and Richard Neale Badcock. The term, 'mercer', is now largely obsolete, but was once used to describe a merchant that dealt in cloth, typically fine cloth that was not produced locally.

A survey of London published in 1938 records the considerable estate - approximately six score acres of meadow in Kentish Town, in the old parish of St Pancras - that came into the ownership of John Badcock in 1731, eventually passing to his son, John Neale Badcock, with whom it remained until his death in 1786, when it was sold to Lord Southampton.

"Francis Brace and Elizabeth his wife in 1721 conveyed the estate to Sir Gregory Page, of Greenwich, bt., the tile kiln with two acres of pasture being then in the occupation of Charles Badger and the remainder of Rebecca Smith, widow. From Sir Gregory Page, then of Ricklemarsh, Kent, it was acquired by John Badcock of Coleman Street, merchant, in 1731, being then in the occupations of Charles Badger, Thomas Barker, Samuel Butterfield and Richard Buckmaster. John Badcock, mercer, of Ludgate Hill and Hampstead, died 25th February, 1756, leaving his real estate to his eldest son John Neale Badcock.

John Neale Badcock of Ottery St. Mary, Devon, by his will dated 7th March, 1785, and proved 15th February, 1786, appointed John Kestell of Ottery St. Mary, surgeon, Thomas Gregg of Sidbury, esquire, and the Rev. Francis Luce of Harpford, Devon, his executors, who sold his estate in 1786 to Charles (Fitzroy) Lord Southampton, it being described as commonly known as Chalk Farm, then in the possession of Thomas Rhodes and Samuel Rhodes, formerly purchased by John Badcock, merchant, from Sir Gregory Page, bt., 3–4th September, 1731."(1)

The March issue of The London Magazine, or 'Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer', 1756 records that: 'John Badcock, of Hampstead, Esq: late an eminent mercer on Ludgate-hill', died on February 25th of that year.


Old engraving of Hendon Church by J.P Neale

Above: An old engraving of St Mary's Church, Hendon, Middlesex - burial place of John Badcock Esq, who died in 1756 (2)


The tombstone of John Badcock is recorded as having existed in the church-yard at Hendon in a publication of 1795 by Daniel Lysons, and also a century later, in Evan's 'History of Hendon' (1890). Unfortunately however, according to an e-mail dated 16 June 2010, gratefully received from Ms Anne Maslin, a present day member of Saint Mary's Church, the whereabouts of this monument is now unknown and it is not recorded in a survey undertaken in more recent times by the local archaeological society. The conclusion is, therefore, that the stone may have been removed when the church was extended.


John Neale Badcock (1718 - 1785) - my great-great-great-great grandfather




(Above image extracted from the Last Will and Testament of John Neale Badcock, 1785)


John Neale Badcock was apprenticed to Robert Huntley, Draper of Leadenhall Street, on 26 March 1736, from which he was freed on 20 September 1743.

'The Signboards of Old London Shops', by Sir Ambrose Heal records the precise location of Neale Badcock's commercial premises: 'J. and R. NEALE BADCOCK (late Badcock and Ellis), linen drapers, at the CROWN and SCEPTRE, corner of Creed Lane, in Ludgate Street'.

'The Crown and Sceptre' may seem like an unusual name for a shop (initially I had thought it might refer to a landmark tavern), though it is actually a typical example of a London shop name during the early/mid eighteenth century. In 1723 for example, we find that John Badcock had taken the lease of a confectioner's shop on 'Avy Mary Lane' (the present-day 'Ave Maria Lane'), on the opposite side of Ludgate Street, and which was known as 'The Golden Lyon.' (ref: http://www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk - online records of 'Surrey History Centre', accessed 10.08.12)

Until the latter part of the eighteenth century, the commercial thoroughfares of London were proliferated by hundreds of heavy, pendulous overhead shop signs which projected out from storefronts on large iron bars and which must have made for quite a spectacular pedestrian experience. However, these signs, when whipped by a strong wind, could create such a force that the entire facade of a building would come crashing down - invariably on top of passers-by and the din and danger from these creaking signs, together with a desire to improve air circulation along the narrow streets, eventually led the city to pass many ordinances restricting their use. This was reinforced by Paving Acts in 1766 and 1768, when the shop signs disappeared completely and provision was made for the numbering of houses. Thus we find that in Kent's Directory for 1767, John Neale Badcock's is listed as 15, Ludgate Street.

Whilst in vogue and unrestricted, shop proprietors were apt to proudly reproduce their shop signs on 'trade cards', which were given out to customers. Following the disappearance of these signs, in the wake of what we would now term 'health and safety' legislation, old trade cards became of collectible interest, such as those amassed during the early twentieth century by Sir Ambrose Heal.

Thanks to such enthusiasts, a trade card for John and Richard Neale Badcock (from the collection of Ambrose Heal) is known to exist in a repository held by the British Museum, and it is hoped that an image of this can eventually be obtained and reproduced here.





Above: Google Map view of the area around Saint Paul's Cathedral, showing the meeting point of Ludgate Hill (then known as Ludgate Street) with Creed Lane - where John and Richard Neale Badcock's mercer's shop was located - just a short distance from the cathedral's west end.
The Wren church of Saint Martin's, Ludgate also stands just a short distance away.


A 1941 publication, "Anglo-Dutch Commerce and Finance in the Eighteenth Century", by C H Wilson, affords some fascinating insight into the transactions of their enterprise: John Neale Badcock regularly visited Amsterdam to buy linens received from the Haarlem bleacheries for the business in London and surviving letters reveal that he was on intimate terms with various Dutch business associates. In one such letter, penned in 1756, he writes: "It pleased God, my Father died on 26 February Last, after 4 Months Confinement to his Chamber, and my Mother survived him but 2 months"(3)

In the interests of securing sound business relations, good will gifts were invariably exchanged between merchants in Amsterdam and London. In 1759, John Neale Badcock, for example sent a pair of spectacles to one Jan de Neufville on the "Amsterdam Shipp that sails on Saturdays". He also sent to the same colleague a "Pointing Dog", three-quarters of a year old, "got by a famous Dog of the Dukes of Ancasters", and wrote:

"If you can get him broke your side of the Water I think it will be best as when broke here, he will be quite unacquainted with your Manner, besides the Difficulty of getting him well broke here as most Gentlemen breake their owne Pointers, and the very greate Danger of losing him, for as stealing Dogs is not here Esteemed a Capital Crime, 'tis much practised. There is Men will go Fourscore Mile to steal a Good Pointer".

Eventually however, a broken pointer was sent, and J N Badcock wrote, on 21 March 1754:

"I have sent by Captain Barry Hanson who sail'd yesterday a Pointing Dog which the Captain promised to deliver safe to you, the Man that broke him says he thinks him as good a Dog as ever he saw but advises not to Beat Him if he should chance to b-r-r-r - as the best will sometimes - that he will by no means bear a blow and hardly Harsh Language, and as these Sort of Dogs are Easily spoiled with improper management, thought it proper to send his Masters opinion of him.

P.S. The Dog answers to the name of Ponto"


De Neufville is known to have sent some of his English clients bulbs - particularly tulips and hyacinths - prints and paintings, hams, beef, cheese and wine. The latter, apparently, was usually smuggled through the Customs.

The Last Will and Testament of John Neale Badcock, dated 7 March 1785, was proved on 15 February 1786 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and can be obtained on-line via The National Archives website.

This very interesting document is currently in the process of being transcribed and interpreted, but would appear yield a most intriguing revelation, in that it suggests that John Neale Badcock, for reasons undisclosed, was not married to Susannah, the mother of his young children. This conclusion is drawn from the fact that he bequeaths his possessions "unto Susannah Neale Badcock, otherwise Susannah Sorsby, who hath lived with me for many years", as opposed to Susannah Neale Badcock, his 'wife', and the document goes on to detail the intricate mechanisms of provision, wrought by the liquidation of his real estate, monies from which was then entrusted to a body of gentlemen, for the maintenance of Susannah and their 'natural sons'. At this point, the 'impediment' to the marriage of John Neale Badcock and Susannah Sorsby can only be guessed at; the only circumstance which can be deduced from the information at hand is that Susannah Sorsby would have been some years younger than John Neale Badcock, given that he would have been in his fifties when their children were born.

Susannah survived John Neale Badcock by just three years. The burial registers of Harpford Parish Church show that John Neale Badcock was buried there on 16 January 1786 and that Susannah followed him into the graveyard on 31 January 1789.

They had three sons who survived into adulthood: John Neale Badcock, Henry Neale Badcock and Samuel Neale Badcock. A fourth son, Thomas, is recorded as having been baptised at Harpford on 18 October 1776 and buried a week later on 24 October 1776.


Richard Neale Badcock (1721 - 1783): Brother of John Neale Badcock


Richard Neale Badcock was baptised at Saint Martin's Church Ludgate on 1 July 1721

It is recorded that Richard Neale Badcock, Linen Draper in Ludgate Street, was married to Miss Ann Badcock of Canterbury on 17 January 1756. This would suggest that Richard married a member of his extended family, unless a co-incidence of mutual surname.

It seems likely that Richard married his first cousin, Ann Badcock - the daughter of his uncle, William Badcock (son of the goldsmith). She had been baptised at Saint Martin's, Ludgate in 1732 and both are recorded as having been married in the parish of Saint Gregory by Saint Paul's, London.

In 1798, her death was recorded in the August edition of "The Lady's Magazine" ('Or Entertaining Companion for the FAIR SEX, appropriated solely to their Use and Amusement'): "Aug. 2. Mrs Badcock, of Hatton-street, relict of Richard Noel (sic) Badcock, esq. director of the South Sea Company."

By this union there were two daughters - Ann and Frances Badcock and one son, William Badcock.





Above: Extract from 'The Town and Country Magazine', 1772.


His obituary in the Gentleman's Magazine (17 August 1783) also notes the fact that he had been a Director of the South Sea Company.


William Badcock (1772 - 1802): Son of Richard Neale Badcock and his descendants - Brodrick, Taylor (Clough) and Gore families


Richard Neale Badcock's son, William Badcock, was born on 1 September 1772 and was baptised on 29 September of that year at Saint Andrew's Holborn.

The register for Charterhouse School shows that William was a pupil here from January 1787 until December 1789 (4) and The Alumni Oxonienses records that William matriculated, Christ Church College, Oxford, 29 April 1790 aged seventeen years.


Mrs Sophia Badcock

Above: Sophia Cumberland, the future wife of William, son of Richard Neale Badcock, seen here playing a mandolin, in a portrait of 1777 by George Romney and which is now held by the Museum of Fine Arts, Lyon, France.

(My grateful thanks to Sheila Brodrick Skinner for this lovely submission, received by email, 06.06.2011)


Of particular interest is that in 1791, at Tonbridge Parish Church, he married Sophia Cumberland, daughter of the dramatist, Richard Cumberland (1732 - 1811). Following their marriage, William and Sophia lived at The Elms, Leatherhead (formerly the country residence of Richard Neale Badcock), until eventually removing to Bath, where their younger children were born.

The life of William Badcock is not a happy tale, described by his father-in-law, Richard Cumberland as a young man, who "died a victim to excess in the prime of life."

There exists a fascinating letter, penned by Jane Austen to her sister Cassandra, which makes a brief reference to William and Sophia Badcock when at a gathering in the Upper Rooms at Bath in May 1801, less than a year before William's death. It affords a hint as to the nature of the 'excess' referred to by Cumberland. Referring to some of the company gathered there, Austen writes:

".. Mrs Badcock and two young women were of the same party, except when Mrs Badcock thought herself obliged to leave them and run round the room after her drunken Husband." (SBS, Email, 22.10.11 )

It seems remarkable, that during the course of compiling this page, a degree of insight into the life of the Badcock family during the Georgian era has been gleaned from the writing of three prominent English literary figures, Austen, Cumberland and Coleridge.


A full and fascinating insight into the tragic life of William Badcock is gleaned from the memoirs of Richard Cumberland, his father-in-law:

"Within the period of my residence at Tunbridge Wells I have felt the loss of many friends; I have followed Lord Sackville to his vault at Withyham, my lamented wife to her grave in the church of Frant, and there also I caused to be deposited the remains of William Badcock, Esq., the husband of my second daughter, Sophia, and father of five children, awarded to my care by chancery, and looking up to me for the education that is to decide upon their future destinies. My God! can I presume to hope that thou wilt give me life to execute this sacred trust, and train them in the way, poor innocents, wherein they ought to go? This young man, Mr Badcock, died a victim to excess in the prime of life, before he had attained the age of thirty. He had received his education at the Charter House and at the University of Oxford. He had good natural parts, an uncommon strength of memory, read much and recited well and copiously from our English poets; he was no contemptible amateur actor upon the model of Kemble, and exhibited himself repeatedly upon the stages of Bath and Tunbridge Wells, in the parts of Hamlet, Richard, Jaffier, and perhaps some others. He had a great share of a peculiar kind of humor, was an admirable mimic, and at times would be extremely pleasant and entertaining in society; but the general turn of his temper and habits was reserved and gloomy, proudly independent, too quick in conceiving himself affronted, and much too slow in regaining his good humor when he had discovered his mistake. I have often found him under the visitation of these sullen fits of discontent, for which I could assign no cause; in this disposition, as it should seem, he had estranged himself from me for a considerable length of time, residing at Bath, till I was informed by a common friend of his being in town, unattended by any servant, and dangerously ill. I found him in the public room of a coffee house, where he had taken his lodging, and most evidently in the last stage of an incurable and confirmed decay. He received me with extreme affection, and seemed greatly penetrated by the attentions which I paid him in his solitary and alarming situation. I called in the assistance of an eminent physician who, upon a consultation, confirmed my apprehensions that his case was irrecoverable; the country air was, however, recommended, and I received him in my own house at Tunbridge Wells, where he languished for some few days, and with pious resignation, whilst invoking blessings on his children, whom he recommended to my care, closed his short term of life.



Richard Cumberland

Richard Cumberland, William Badcock's father-in-law, from a painting by George Romney, circa 1771 - 1776 (National Portrait Gallery)

Link to Biography of Richard Cumberland at Wikipedia

Three of these five fatherless relicts are boys and as I distributed my four sons between the fleet and army, even so, if my life is spared, I meditate to deal with these grandsons, who seem by nature endowed with vigor both of body and of spirit for their destination. The eldest, a boy of brilliant parts, has now completed more than half his training time, and is serving in his majesty's frigate La Loire, under the command of Captain Maitland; that gallant and distinguished officer reports in terms of my young charge, that inspire me with the warmest hopes of his well-doing and as I think I can foresee that we shall have to fight for our altars and our hearths before the present generation shall pass off, I should be sorry at my soul to suppose that any one of my posterity, over whom I have control, were not in train to take his part in that decisive day, whenever it shall come.

In the arrangement of this business, which gives me the superintendence of my grandchildren's education under the authority of the court of chancery, it was my good fortune to find myself in the hands of a most sincere and honorable friend, who conducted the whole with great legal ability, and delivered the children into my care, bringing them from Bath to Tunbridge Wells. To Mr. Henry Fry I am beholden for every comfort that has accrued to me respecting that ill-fated portion of my family; and so many have been the instances which I have experienced of his invariable affection, his correct integrity and disinterested services ever since, that if I could neglect to render him this public mark of my esteem and love, I should be guilty of the worst ingratitude.

When I first enrolled my companies of volunteer infantry, this young and ardent enthusiast in his king's and country's cause, then living at Tunbridge Wells, resorted to me with several recruits which his popularity had attached to him, and from that hour to the present, at which he is now serving as captain of one of the companies under my command, I have had the gratification of witnessing the true and steady services to the corps, and his cordial attachment to me and to his brother officers.

As my friend is happy in a most amiable and excellent wife, and is already the father of four young children, I have induced him to place his son under my eye at the training school, to which I have sent my grandsons, at Ramsgate, till they are all fit to be removed to Westminster.(5).



The Misses Cumberland

Above: a rather lovely painting of Richard Cumberland's daughters, Elizabeth and Sophia (the future Mrs William Badcock), dated circa 1772-3, by George Romney and now housed in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA. Elizabeth holds a copy of her father's play, "The Fashionable Lover", in which Sophia seems to show an interest. The painting passed, by descent to the Rev William Brodrick, a grandson of William and Sophia Badcock, eventually being relinquished by another of this family at a Christies auction in 1902. It was finally purchased by Robert Dawson Evans of Boston in 1909, and whose widow bequeathed it to the Museum of Fine Arts there in 1917.

Though there are many descendants of William and Sophia, the name 'Badcock' became extinct in this line due to the fact that with the exception of their youngest son, Charles Christopher Badcock, only their daughters had issue. Of their four sons, William Richard Badcock died at the age of sixteen, following a wretched time as a midshipman on board HMS Crocodile; Henry Neale Badcock died in infancy; Jonathan Neale Badcock appears to have spent most of his adult life consigned to a lunatic asylum, dying, "without surviving children", aged eighty-one and Charles Christopher Badcock is described by Foster as having died "sine prole legitima" in 1880. Through the genealogical research of Sheila Brodrick Skinner (a descendant of Frances Badcock), we learn that Charles Christopher Badcock had one son, Thomas Badcock, born out of wedlock in 1833, who was survived by three daughters.


A detailed account of this branch of the family can be found in 'The Royal Lineage of our Noble and Gentle Families', by Joseph Foster(6), which also sets out a route of descent from King Edward I, via Richard Cumberland.

This account records that Sophia Cumberland, who died in January 1823, had been married firstly to "William Badcock of Elms House, Leatherhead; educated at Charterhouse and at Oxford University (only son of Richard Neale Badcock of Hendon, Middlesex - though Foster incorrectly cites John Neale Badcock) and who died on 3 April 1802".

By this union there were four sons and three daughters:

* William Richard Badcock, born 15 August 1792, died 3 December 1808.

Yet a further tragedy struck this line of the family in the premature death of this, the eldest son, as in 'The Sporting Magazine' of April 1809, we read that at a Court Martial held at Portsmouth, the Hon Captain George Cadogan, of His Majesty's Ship Crocodile appeared on charges exhibited against him in a memorial from Richard Cumberland to the Lords of the Admiralty, setting forth that Cadogan and his First Lieutenant (Mr Devon) 'had acted in a cruel, tyrannical and oppressive manner' toward the young Badcock (his grandson), a midshipman, which conduct hastened his death.

However, the Court agreed that the charges had not been proved against Captain Cadogan and that many of the observations in the memorial were unfounded. It was therefore concluded that, 'the death of W.R.Badcock could not, in the most remote degree, be ascribed to the punishment he received on board his Majesty's ship Crocodile' and Captain Cadogan was acquitted.

William Richard Badcock was buried at Saint Andrew's Church, Holborn on 11 December 1808.



George Cadogan

Above: George Cadogan (1783 - 1864) seen here in a portrait of 1820.
(Image extracted from Artware Fineart website, June 2011)


However it would appear that Cadogan, later Admiral and 3rd Earl Cadogan, was renowned for his brutality. Whilst in command of the brig Ferret, several of his crew got as far as confronting him with cutlasses and boarding pikes, airing their grievances of 'ill-usage by flogging and starving', but he managed to subdue them with a pistol, and had his marines arrest the ringleaders, twelve of the Ferret's crew being subsequently hanged at Port Royal. The Admiralty thereafter lost little time before transferring Cadogan to another ship. (Ref: 'Mutiny: A History of Naval Insurrection', by Leonard F Guttridge, 2006)

A very detailed account of Cadogan's Court Martial in respect of William Richard Badcock's grievances, as championed by his grandfather, has recently appeared on the Internet in a study by Heather Noel-Smith and Lorna M Campbell, which charts the lives and careers of the 1797 crew of HMS Indefatigable. Here it is reasoned that the young William Badcock, having been exposed to the 'dissolute' lifestyle of his father and sent to sea at the age of ten, would have been a 'disturbed young man' and as such, emotionally ill-equipped in being able to conform to a harsh naval regime.

The matter is dealt with in intricate detail by the authors of 'Indefatigable' and is somewhat tangential to the overall theme of this webpage, being worthy of independent study in it's own right. What is clear is that the events were tragic and Cumberland, as a distraught and loving grandfather, brought the full weight of his florid literary abilities to bear against Cadogan in his testimonial, having also gone to great expense in arranging for his grandson to be returned home shortly before his death.

Richard Cumberland survived his grandson, William Richard Badcock, by less than two and a half years and there is some evidence to suggest that he never fully got over the fact of William's death. The Monthly Magazine, 1 July 1811 reports, following the death of Richard Cumberland on 7 May 1811: "It is with sorrow we are obliged to remark that Mr Cumberland towards the latter part of his life, experienced a variety of misfortunes. One of his grandsons, having at an early period of life been sent to sea as a midshipman, had received a corporeal punishment for some trifling fault; this circumstance, which we believe is unusual on the part of a midshipman, preyed on his mind, more especially as the young man died soon after. He wrote for and, we have heard, obtained a court-martial for the trial of the officer in question; but although he was acquitted, yet the circumstances of the case rankled in his mind, and rendered him at times uneasy."

It is interesting to note that Richard Cumberland was buried in Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey.

* Henry Neale Badcock, born 26 September 1796, died in infancy, 5 March 1798

* Jonathan Neale Badcock, born 2 November 1799, who married but died without surviving children at Ticehurst, March 1881. The marriage registers of St Augustine, London show that Jonathan Neale Badcock was married there on 11 December 1820 to one Sarah Flood Austin, widow.



London Gazette, 7 May 1830

Above: Extract from the London Gazette, 7 May 1830.



A Commission of Lunacy was issued against Jonathan Neale Badcock on 18 January 1825. Unsurprisingly, such detail is omitted in Foster's account of the family, which, like the pedigrees prepared by Burke, tended only to include biographical information aimed at enhancing familial respectability: 'lunacy' would certainly not have met this criteria! His institutional residency seems to have been particularly transient, as we see that in 1830, he had moved from Sleaford House, Battersea to the Exeter Asylum. Eleven years later, he appears in the 1841 Census as a 'Gentleman' inmate of the Great Fosters House Lunatic Asylum in Egham, Surrey. Foster simply records his death as having occurred at Ticehurst, East Sussex, in March 1881 aged eighty-one years. Omitted from Foster's account is the fact that this occurred at the private lunatic asylum at Ticehurst, to which he had been admitted some fifteen years previously, on 22 February 1866. (SBS, Email, 28.01.11)

Great Fosters Hotel

Interestingly, today Great Fosters House (seen above) operates as a four-star hotel. Set within Windsor Forest, and dating back, in parts, to the reign of the first Elizabeth, the house is a grade one listed building and, reputedly, the retreat in which King George III was treated for his insanity.

Seen below is an antiquarian view of the Ticehurst House Asylum in East Sussex, where Jonathan Neale Badcock died in 1881. (Image emailed by Sheila Brodrick Skinner, 25.02.11)

Ticehurst House


Jonathan Neale Badcock left the considerable sum of £18,000, which passed to Emma, the youngest sister.(SBS, Email, 28.01.11)

  • Charles Christopher Badcock, born 2 March 1801, is recorded by Foster as having married but who died "without legitimate surviving children". His death occurred on 21 July 1880 at 192, South Lambeth Road, London. (SBS, Email, 02.06.11)

    Through email correspondence recently received from Sheila Brodrick Skinner, a descendant of Charles' elder sister, Frances Badcock, we learn that Charles was married at Saint Mary's, Islington on 22 September 1835 to one Charlotte Dingle, having had by her one son, Thomas Badcock, born in 1833. This says much of the shift in societal attitudes, that a child should be "written off" in an official account of a family's lineage, simply by virtue of birth "out of wedlock". Even the fact that Charles married the mother of his son shortly after his birth seems to have been insufficient to meet the criteria of "legitimacy".

    Sheila Brodrick Skinner's research reveals that Thomas, the son of Charles Christopher Badcock, was married at the age of thirty-four to one Margaret Clarke, a thirty-nine year old Roman Catholic, on 13 February 1866, by which union there were three daughters: Margaret Badcock (born 1866); Agnes Badcock (born 1868) and Charlotte Badcock (born 1870). (SBS, Email, 02.06.11)




    Above: Seen here in 2003, South Lambeth Road comprises pleasant terrace houses, of which a run of nine were known as 'Mawbey Place'. This is evidenced in the tablet centred over number 210 South Lambeth Road. Thomas Badcock, the 'illegitimate' child of Charles Christopher Badcock is found to have been living at 4 Mawbey Place at the time of his marriage to Margaret Clarke in 1866. 4 Mawbey Place is, in fact, number 204 South Lambeth Road, situated just six doors away from the 192, South Lambeth Road - the home of his parents, Charles Christopher and Charlotte Badcock.
    (Photograph submitted by Sheila Brodrick Skinner, 15.06.11)



    In the 1901 Census, Thomas (sixty-seven year old widower) and his three daughters are found to be living at 62 Bond Street, South Lambeth and are described as living by their 'own means'.(SBS, Email, 06.06.11)

    I am grateful to Sheila for bringing to light the existence of Thomas and his daughters so that finally, within this modern day account, they can be acknowledged as full and equal members of the family.

    * Sophia Badcock, born 25 July 1794, died in infancy, 2 December 1794

    * Frances Sophia Badcock, born 4 August 1798, and who was married at Tonbridge, Kent, 6 December 1813 to George Ick of Antigua, planter. A 'lore' exists in the Ick family that this surname was originally 'Brodrick' and the children of George Ick and Frances Sophia Badcock all adopted this name in June 1877.

    * Emma Georgina Bentley Badcock, born 15 July 1802, and who was married on 8 January 1822 to Edward (Clough) Taylor Esq, JP, DL, of Kirkham Abbey, Yorkshire. Her husband took the name of Taylor in lieu of his patronymic under the will of his great uncle, Rev Henry Goodricke of Sutton-in-the-Forest, Yorkshire and died on 14 May 1851.

    Frances Sophia, by her marriage to George Ick, had three sons and two daughters:

    (i) Rev William Richard Brodrick (formerly 'Ick'), born in Antigua, 16 December 1815; student of Sidney College, Cambridge, BA 1841, MA 1845, BD 1850, Vicar of Peasmarsh from 1858. He married twice, firstly at Blonorton, Norfolk on 21 July 1858, to Helen, eldest daughter of James Goldson of East Dereham. She died on 11 December 1863, having had three daughters - Margaret Priscilla Elizabeth Ick, born 9 May 1859, died 23 August 1875; Helen Mary Ick, born 9 September 1860 and Alice Elizabeth Ick, born 26 August 1861. The Reverend W.R Ick was married secondly in January 1865 to Rachel Jane, daughter of Thomas Durell Hammond of Jersey and had two sons and two daughters - William Edward Bentinck Ick, born 10 December 1865; Francis Hammond Ick, born 7 August 1867; Harriet Elizabeth Rachel Ick, born 28 April 1870, died 1 February 1872 and Maye Annie Ick, born 15 Feb 1873.

    (ii) Charles Cumberland Brodrick (formerly 'Ick'), paymaster, R.N, born 7 April 1822 and who was married on 7 February 1856 to Mary Anne, daughter of George Balleine, Rector of St Martin's, Jersey. By this union there were four sons and a daughter - Charles Cumberland Ick, born November 1857, married on 20 July 1882 to Julia Selina, daughter of H Crockford, Esq of Flackley Ash, Sussex; Arthur Bentley Ick, born 9 November 1858; William Bentinck Balleine Ick, barrister-at-law of the Inner Temple, born 25 January 1860; George Leopold McClintock Ick, born 12 November 1864, died 20 February 1865 and Mary Lillian Ick, born 17 October 1863.

    (iii) Edward George MacDougall Brodrick (formerly 'Ick'), major (late adjutant), 1st Cheshire R vols, born 12 August 1826 and who was married on 12 November 1861 to Bridget, daughter of the Reverend Lewis F Thomas, incumbent of St James's, Liverpool (son of General Sir Lewis Thomas, C.B). By this union there were two sons and four daughters - Harry Edward Ick, born 14 September 1862; Alfred Cumberland Ick, born 5 December 1868; Ellie Arabella Bridget Ick, born 7 December 1864; Alice Constance Fanny Emma Ick, born 9 March 1867; Annie Florence Bentinck Ick, born 26 June 1873 and Frances Kate Gladys Midleton Brodrick born 8 September 1883.

    (iv) Emma Frances Ick, born 11 February 1820 and who was married on 12 April 1877 to Kingsnorth Reeve, Esq.

    (v) Priscilla Elizabeth Ick, born 1 July 1824, died unmarried, May 1856.

    Emma Georgina Bentley Badcock, by her marriage to Edward (Clough) Taylor, had two sons and two daughters:

    (i) Edward Clough Taylor J.P, D.L, of Kirkham Abbey and Firby Hall, Yorkshire, born 25 September 1822 and who was married on 1 September 1848 to Sophia Mary, eldest daughter of Rev Thomas Harrison of Firby, Yorkshire. They had three sons and three daughters: Lt Col Edward Harrison Clough Taylor of the 23 Royal Welsh Fusiliers, born 19 June 1849, was married on 17 July 1880 to Lady Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of George Douglas, Eighth Duke of Argyll, K.T and Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, by which union there was a son - Edward Lorne Frederick Clough-Taylor (born 6 October 1881; died 14 May 1947); Horatio George Clough, born 12 October 1856; Leonard Goodricke Clough, born 5 January 1858; Sophia Leonora Clough, who on 9 November 1875 was married to Henry Banington Callander, youngest son of James Henry Callander of Craigford and Ardkinglass; Harriet Anne Georgina Clough and Constance Caroline Clough.

    (ii) Thomas Clough, captain, 41st regiment, born 27 August 1823; died in India 1859.

    (iii) Harriet Mary Anne Clough, died 13 February 1851.

    (iv) Emma Sarah Clough, who was married on 6 February 1855 to Major Henry Pratt Gore, of the 6th regiment, who died 5 September 1863, leaving two sons: James Frederick William Gore, of Ceylon, born 22 November 1855 and Henry John Edward, of Australia, born 13 April 1862.


    Sheila Brodrick Skinner and her daughters, October 2011

    Above: Mrs Sheila Brodrick Skinner with her daughters, Elizabeth and Sophia, pictured on October 16th 2011.

    Mrs Brodrick Skinner, who has contributed greatly to the development of this web page, is the x 4 great-granddaughter of Richard Neale Badcock. Sheila's line of descent from Richard Neale Badcock is derived from his son, William Badcock and thence from William's daughter Frances Badcock, who married George Ick, their youngest son, Edward George MacDougall (Ick/Brodrick), being her great-grandfather.

    (My grateful thanks to Sheila for the submission of this lovely photograph for inclusion, received by email, 07.01.2012)


    John Neale Badcock: Ottery Saint Mary and connection with Samuel Taylor Coleridge

    Coleridge

    It is not known at this point, quite how John Neale Badcock came to live in Ottery Saint Mary, Devon, though the name, Badcock, is common in Devon and Cornwall and it seems likely that he would have had familial connections here. At the time of John Neale Badcock's residence here, the Vicar of Ottery St Mary was the Reverend John Coleridge, father of the poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge (pictured left). There exists a fascinating letter, written by the poet from Christ's Hospital, London (which he attended from 1782 until 1791) to his mother in Ottery St Mary (when aged twelve), which would appear to reference John Neale Badcock and two of his sons, Samuel Neale and Henry Neale Badcock ('Sam' and 'Harry'):

    "Dear Mother, I received your letter with pleasure on the second instant, and should have had it sooner, but that we had not a holiday before last Tuesday, when my brother delivered it me. I also with gratitude received the two handkerchiefs and the half-a-crown from Mr. Badcock, to whom I would be glad if you would give my thanks. I shall be more careful of the somme, as I now consider that were it not for my kind friends I should be as destitute of many little necessaries as some of my schoolfellows are; and Thank God and my relations for them! My brother Luke saw Mr. James Sorrel, who gave my brother a half-a-crown from Mrs. Smerdon, but mentioned not a word of the plum cake, and said he would call again. Return my most respectful thanks to Mrs. Smerdon for her kind favour. My aunt was so kind as to accommodate me with a box. I suppose my sister Anna's beauty has many admirers. My brother Luke says that Burke's Art of Speaking would be of great use to me. If Master Sam and Harry Badcock are not gone out of (Ottery), give my kindest love to them. Give my compliments to Mr. Blake and Miss Atkinson, Mr. and Mrs. Smerdon, Mr. and Mrs. Clapp, and all other friends in the country. My uncle, aunt, and cousins join with myself and Brother in love to my sisters, and hope they are well, as I, your dutiful son,
    S. Coleridge, am at present."
    (7)

    Coleridge was born on 21 October 1772; Henry Neale and Samuel Neale Badcock were baptised respectively on 23 November 1772 and 21 January 1774, both at Harpford Church, approximately 3.5 miles away. Thus it seems quite probable that they would have been childhood friends of the young Coleridge.

    However, the link between the Coleridge and Badcock families does not end here as we find that the Reverend James Duke Coleridge, nephew of the poet and grandson of the Ottery vicar was married, on 9 June 1814, to Sophia Badcock, daughter of Colonel Thomas Stanhope Badcock of Buckinghamshire - a cousin of John Neale Badcock - and by this union there were two daughters - Sophia Coleridge and Frances Anne Lovell Coleridge.


    St Gregory the Greater, Harpford

    Saint Gregory the Great, Harpford, Devon - where Henry Neale Badcock and Samuel Neale Badcock were baptised in 1772 and 1774. The Last Will and Testament of their older brother, John Neale Badcock (1808) refers to a family vault in the church yard, in which he expressed a wish to be interred, though its exact location is now unknown.


    Henry Neale Badcock (c 1772 - 1840) - my great-great-great grandfather, and John Neale Badcock and Samuel Neale Badcock, his brothers.


    Henry Neale Badcock was baptised at Harpford, Devon on 23 November 1772 and died in August 1840 in Axminster, Devon.

    The Register of Blundell's School (a public school established in Tiverton, Devon in 1604) records that Henry Neale Badcock was a student there from January 1785 until June 1787. Similarly, Samuel Neale Badcock is recorded as having been a pupil at the same school, from January 1785 until October 1788.


    Blundell's School, 1831
    Main School Hall at Old Blundell's

    Above: antiquarian views of Blundell's School at Tiverton, showing (left), the school frontage as it appeared in 1831, and (right), the main hall.


    Henry Neale Badcock married, firstly, Flora Baker (born 1772, Topsham, Devon; died March 1814 - the daughter of John Baker and Ann Parsons) at Axminster Church on 26 October 1795, and by this union had at least three children: Maria Ann Badcock (born 28 September 1804 and buried at Axminster Church two months later on 16 November 1804); Julia Ann Badcock (born 2 February 1806); and Henry Charles Neale Badcock, (born 8 June 1808; baptised 5 February 1810, Axminster).


    Flora Baker came from a well-connected family. The Monthly Magazine of February 1812, records the marriage of one of her sisters, Ann, to Samuel Dunsford, Esq, a captain in the East Devon Local Militia and notes her brother as being Charles Baker, Esq, of Staplake Mount, near Exeter. One of Charles Baker's sons, Arthur John Baker, later settled in Adelaide, South Australia and whose daughter, Lucy Lockett Baker married Henry Rymill of Adelaide in 1861. This family became very prominent in the business and public affairs of South Australia, where many modern day descendants still reside.



    Above: Sir Arthur Campbell Rymill (1907 - 1989), a former Lord Mayor of Adelaide, South Australia, and who was a descendant of Charles Baker, the brother of Flora Baker, who had married Henry Neale Badcock of Axminster.


    Henry Neale Badcock is later found to have married Hester (surname unknown, born circa 1797, Kilmington, Devon - some twenty five years his junior) and had at least two further children by this union, Henry and Eliza Badcock (both baptised at Axminster on 8 March 1818). The death of one 'Esther' Badcock of Axminster appears in the quarter ending December 1872, aged 76 years.

    One Henry Neale Badcock, gent of Axminster, appears frequently between the years 1800 and 1812, in the lists of game certificate holders for the County of Devon, which were published annually in Trewman's Exeter Flying Post. Sometimes he appears as simply, 'Henry' or 'Henry N Badcock' and the 1807 list has him as, 'gent of Honiton'; all other lists link him to Axminster. In 1810, these certificates are recorded as having cost three guineas per annum.

    That he fails to appear on the list for 1813 is highly significant, as we read in the Taunton Courier on 11 March of that year that one Henry Neale Badcock of Axminster, Ironmonger, has become a bankrupt. It is noted that he occupied a dwelling house, shop, and ware-rooms near the Market-house, Axminster. (ref: http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/DevonMisc/ Bankrupts1800.html)




    Above: Extract from the London Gazette, 27 February 1813.

    From 'gentleman' to pauper, would seem to have been the fate of Henry Neale Badcock, who is believed to have died in the Axminster Workhouse in 1840 - we do not know the nature of how he fell into debt and lost his estate. As his cousins, such as those of the Brodrick and Clough Taylor families, continued to enjoy prosperity and familial respectability, chronicled in typically ostentatious Victorian fashion by the likes of Foster and Burke, it would seem that Henry's lot was one of a monumental fall from grace. His memories of a privileged childhood in Ottery Saint Mary, as the son of an affluent London merchant, and which had gained him an education at Blundell's School and a charmed acquaintance with the Coleridge family could not, surely, have been more distantly removed from the harsh reality in which he found himself in the closing years of his life.


  • Samuel Neale Badcock was baptised on 21 January 1774 at Harpford.

    He married, at Colyton, Devon, on 7 August 1795, Harriet West (born 3 March 1771, baptised 1 April 1771, Colyton), the daughter of one James West and Elizabeth Marwood.

    The Marwoods would appear to have been a particularly prominent family in this part of Devon and are summarised within the National Archives web site as having been "descended from a line which includes Dr Thomas Marwood of Honiton who lived from c.1512 to 1617 and who gained great repute locally as a physician as well as practising for a time at the court of Elizabeth I." The summary goes on to note that ".. his grandson, also Thomas, was also an eminent physician and between them they founded a family which was sufficiently affluent to establish themselves as landed proprietors of substance in the Honiton and Colyton areas of Devon."

    Samuel Neale Badcock and Harriet West appear to have had at least five children, John West Badcock (baptised 4 September 1798 at Tiverton, Devon); Mary Ann Harriet Badcock (born 2 July 1800, baptised 1 Oct 1801, Colyton); Elizabeth Jane Badcock (baptised 2 January 1803 at Broadclyst, near Exeter, Devon); Elizabeth Jane West Badcock (born 1 December 1803 baptised 18 July 1807 at St James, Westminster) and Caroline West Badcock. Caroline was born on 7 May 1806 and is recorded as having been baptised at Saint George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 7 May 1810 (ref The Baptism, Marriage and Burial Registers of St George’s Chapel [Windsor Castle], author: Oxley, 1957). It is not known, at this point, how Samuel Neale Badcock came to be connected with Windsor and on 5 August 2010, Miss Kelda Roe, Archives Assistant of St George's Chapel Archives and Chapter Library, kindly responded to an email enquiry, to advise that she had been unable to find any record detailing Samuel Neale Badcock’s association with the College. Miss Roe writes, 'it is possible that he and his family were resident in Windsor and were regular worshippers at St George’s Chapel', and suggests that further information might be obtained from the Berkshire Record Office in Reading. The fact that Samuel also had a daughter baptised in the church of St James, Westminster in 1807 leads one to wonder whether he was in the service of the Royal Family.

    London Gazette, 23 July 1799

    One "Samuel Neal Badcock" appears on a Roll of Officers of the Royal North Gloucester Militia in 1794, where he is listed as an Ensign (8). The above extract, taken from the London Gazette of 23 July 1799 records his appointment as an Ensign in the 'Loyal Colyton Volunteers' and the London Gazette of 12 May 1804 mentions one "Samuel Badcock, Gent", to be appointed as surgeon to the 2nd Battalion of the Hayridge Volunteer Infantry. Hayridge is found to have been an archaic division of land (or 'hundred') in mid-Devon. The Militia - a body of citizens enrolled for military service and required to serve in time of emergencies - would have been a particularly serious concern in this part of the world during the time of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.




    Above: Extract from the London Gazette, 12 April 1806.


    Samuel Neale Badcock, apothecary and surgeon of Exeter, is also recorded as having become a bankrupt on April 15 1806.(9)

    Little headway has thus far been made in uncovering the ultimate fate of Samuel Neale Badcock and his issue, though we do find that one of his daughters, Elizabeth Jane West Badcock, married one James Collins Wise at Saint Pancras, London on 2 June 1834. The Civil Registration Index records the death of Elizabeth Jane West Wise in the district of Saint George, Hanover Square, in 1838.



  • The eldest brother, John Neale Badcock, Gentleman of Colyton, was - according to his Will (available at the National Archives) a bachelor when he died in 1808. In his will, made on 21 April 1807 and proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 8 July 1808, he expresses a desire, "to be buried in the vault with my late father and mother in the parish church yard at Harpford". This request was granted on 20 April 1808. He bequeaths the sum of £20 to his brother, Henry Neale Badcock and also the same amount to one Samuel Palmer; all else is left to one Mary Pratt, daughter of William Pratt of Colyton.

    Unfortunately, there is now no stone or monument existing in the church yard at Harpford marking the location of the family vault referred to in John Neale Badcock's will of 1808. This is confirmed by an email received on 28 July 2010 from Mr Michael Taylor, Churchwarden of Harpford, who explained that he had looked at all of the stones in the church yard, but had found nothing bearing the name, 'Badcock', and also by an email received on 15 August 2010 from Mrs Roz Hickman, who described how she and her husband had carried out a particularly thorough search of the graveyard, pulling away grass from kerbstones and pouring water on any that were hard to read, but again, to no avail. Mrs Hickman explained that she had been unable to inspect the interior of the church, though in the earlier email, Mr Taylor had gone on to say that neither was there any monument or tablet inside the building to this family.

    In any case, John Neale Badcock's will specifically refers to a vault "in the church yard". It seems odd that what must have been a relatively large subterranean structure, capable of being re-opened for the interment of the coffin of John Neale Badcock, almost twenty years after that of his mother, is now untraceable. (My grateful thanks to Mr Taylor and to Mr and Mrs Hickman for carrying out these searches on my behalf).

    Though John Neale Badcock's will describes him as a bachelor, we find that one John Neale Badcock, was married on 17 June 1794 to Ann West at Colyton, Devon. This may well have been the sister of Samuel Neale Badcock's wife, Harriet West, as we find that one Ann West, daughter of James and Elizabeth West was baptised at Colyton on 21 August 1763.

    London Gazette 20.07.1793

    The London Gazette of 20 July 1793 records the appointment of one 'John Neal Badcock' as Ensign in Captain Singleton's Independent Company of Foot. A John Neale Badcock also appears listed as an Ensign in "A List of officers of the Army and of the Corps of Royal Marines", War Office, 1798. There is also an intriguing reference to a John Neale Badcock, surgeon of St Mary's Church, Devon (July 1814) in a publication, 'The Unclaimed Dividend Books of the Bank of England' by William Strange (1851)

    In 'The Athenaeum' of June 1808, "A Magazine of Literary and Miscellaneous Information" (see Google Books), we find a report that 'John Neule Badcock, Esq. of Harpford' has died at 'Colybown' (presumably a misspelling of Colyton). If nothing else, this snippet of information is of some assistance in that it gives his age of death as forty two years, meaning that he would have been born in 1766 or 1765.

    The Harpford parish registers reveal that John and Susannah Neale Badcock also had a fourth son, Thomas, baptised on 18 October 1776 and buried a week later, on October 24 1776.


    Henry Charles Neale Badcock (1808 - 1873) - my great-great grandfather: Schoolmaster, of Ibstock, Leicestershire.



    (above extract from death certificate, 1873)

    This Henry was born in Axminster on 8 June 1808 and was baptised at Axminster Church on 5 February 1810. The baptismal record and other sources have him as 'Henry Charles', though some sources have him as simply 'Charles' or 'Charles Henry' and his death certificate has him as 'Charles Henry Neale'. From at about 1834, his profession was that of schoolmaster.

    He was married firstly, on 5 June 1833 at Axminster Parish Church, to Elizabeth Symes, who bore him two children - Henry Symes Badcock (born 26 March 1834) and Elizabeth Badcock (born 17 August 1835) - both baptised on 26 November 1835, Chard Street Independent Chapel, Axminster.

    The baptismal register for this chapel contains a column requiring the signatures of both parents. It is perhaps significant that only the father signs the register - as 'Charles Henry Badcock' - suggesting that the mother, Elizabeth was absent at the baptism.

    He then is found to have married Hannah Louisa Mould (baptised 22 July 1810, George Street Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Warminster, Wiltshire - daughter of Joseph and Ann Mould) on 8 November 1836, who bore him a further eight children.

    In the 1841 census, he appears as simply 'Charles Badcock', living at Axminster with his wife, 'Louisa', and daughters, Louisa (aged 3) and Julia (aged 2). His occupation is given as 'schoolmaster.' There is no mention of the two children born to him by his first wife, Elizabeth, and it would therefore seem probable that neither child survived infancy.

    Ten years later, in the 1851 census, he is found, as 'Henry C Badcock', to be living with his wife and seven children at 191, Mill Green, Lyme Regis, Dorset, with his occupation given as 'Master of a British School.' He is still found to be master of this school in 1854, when he was registered for a capitation grant in Easter of that year (ref: 'Minutes of the Council on Education, with appendices')

    It was in 1855/1856 that he moved to Leicestershire. Several articles published in the Leicester Chronicle and Leicester Journal newspapers, between August and October of that year provide us with some fascinating revelations.

    The Leicester Chronicle of Saturday 23 August 1856 reports the annual examination of the children at the Ibstock British School as having taken place at the Wesleyan Chapel during the previous week. The account goes on to note:

    "Mr Badcock the newly-appointed master, presided at the examination. Having recently been transferred from the church school at Hugglescote, it is due to him to the state that about twenty of his pupils there have followed him to the Ibstock school, to avail themselves of his valuable instructions".

    A month later, on 20 September 1856, the Leicester Chronicle reported a public meeting that had been held on 11 September at the Ibstock British School, "for the purpose of presenting Mr H.C Badcock, late master of the Hugglescote National School with a handsome pianoforte, subscribed for him by the parishioners of Hugglescote and Donington, as a testimonial expressive of their sympathy for him in his recent dismission from that situation, and their high opinion of his moral and religious character, as well as the beneficial results of his instruction to their children.

    The article continues:"Mr P.J White of Donington, being unanimously requested to preside, he rose, and after thanking the ladies and gentlemen present for the honour they had done him in choosing him for their Chairman upon so interesting an occasion, he said he had much pleasure in presenting to Mr Badcock, in their name, the instrument for which they had so generously subscribed. He need scarcely remind the meeting of the circumstances which led to the subscriptions being set on foot, but would read the numerous testimonials as to character and abilities, which Mr Badcock had previously received. Having done so, Mr White concluded a complimentary address to Mr Badcock, eulogizing his conduct as a schoolmaster, a man, and a Christian; and stating they wished he would long continue to reside happily among the good people of Ibstock and also perform the duties of master of the British and Foreign school of that place.

    Mr Badcock (who for some moments was so deeply affected that he could scarcely proceed) said that he could not find words to enable him to thank the Chairman, and the ladies and gentlemen present, for the manner in which his name had been mentioned, or for the valuable instrument which they had been pleased to present him. With those few words he knew that he might (from the then excited state of his feelings) confidently rely upon the kindness of the ladies and gentlemen present if he sat down and said no more; but he would endeavour to rally himself, and give them a brief account of his past history, in the course of which he touched upon the questions of political, social and religious liberty, which he said every Englishman ought to uphold; and concluded by stating that he should long remember the kindness he had received at the hands of the kind hearted inhabitants of Hugglescote and Donington. After the observations from various speakers, the company separated, much pleased with the proceedings of the evening".

    A very similar account of Mr Badcock's testimonial presentation was also reported by the Leicester Journal and resulted in a letter of complaint being sent to the editor, by 'the Chairman of the Hugglescote and Donington National School Committee', published on 3 October 1856. The said chairman was, presumably, the Anglican rector of Ibstock, who writes, rather pompously, in the 'third person':

    "The late master was found unfit for a national School, did not do his duty as he ought, and did not fulfil his engagements ... The school committee, as their minute book proves, unanimously agreed to give the master three months notice, and the clergyman most kindly added that if he did not obtain a situation by the termination of that time, he would be continued until he might be successful. He got Ibstock British School, gave a week's notice to leave us, and although inconvenient as this was, he was let go, and more salary given him than he was his due. Kindness however, is thrown away on some people".

    In response, the Leicester Journal published an article two weeks later, on 17 October 1856, effectively stating that the newspaper did not wish to become embroiled in the controversy and that they felt they "must positively decline the insertion of any further correspondence on the subject". The newspaper did however quote extensive information contained within a lengthy letter that had been sent to them by Mr Badcock and this gives us a valuable biographical account of his career as a teacher:

    "Passing by all that is merely personal in Mr Badcock's remarks, it is perhaps our duty to give to him the opportunity of stating through our columns that other parties have formed a different opinion of his abilities to that held by the rev. chairman. Mr. Badcock states that he has been a British school teacher 22 years, and a national school teacher a year and eight months. He taught, he says, at Axminster 12 years, Lyme Regis 10 years, Barford St Martin's, Wiltshire, 1 year and two months, and at Hugglescote, six months. He quotes a testimonial signed by five gentlemen, speaking in high terms of his good conduct and ability during his residence at the first named of these places. As to his conduct at Lyme Regis, Mr. Badcock quotes highly favourable testimonials from Mr. J. Fletcher, H.M. Inspector of schools in the years 1846, 1848, 1849 and 1851. Mr. Bowstead, the inspector succeeding Mr. Fletcher, speaks in high terms of the Lyme Regis school, and the school committee bear a similar testimony. The Hon. and Rev. Samuel Waldegrave, by whom Mr. Badcock was invited to Barford St. Martin's, also speaks of him in favourable terms. He cites testimonials from the inhabitants of the village, and the children under his care. Mr. Badcock enters at great length into the circumstances attending his coming to Hugglescote, accompanied by allegations which we could hardly with propriety make public. He then proceeds to combat the inference which the chairman seems wishful to draw from his not being certificated, that he is not an efficient teacher. In thus summarising Mr. Badcock's letter, we believe we have done him more real service than if the whole had been published".

    The Ibstock schoolmaster must surely have taken much satisfaction from the publication of this article, which afforded him the last say in the matter, given the Journal's decision not to publish any further correspondence.

    Moreover, it seems remarkable that within a week or so of being told his services were found wanting by the committee of the Hugglescote National School, he was able to secure a new position as master of the Ibstock British School, taking with him numerous scholars from the Hugglescote school and earning an equally remarkable show of public support from the people of Hugglescote and Donington.

    In 1858, we find that he qualified for the instruction of pupil teachers, 'after examination before her Majesty's Inspectors at Christmas 1857' (ref: "The National Society's Monthly Paper, April 1858").

    He was to remain master of the British school at Ibstock until his death in 1873 - some sixteen years after his appointment there - and appears to have discharged his duties with great success. In 1861, for example, we find, in an article published by the Leicester Journal on the 2nd of August of that year, that at an examination of the children:

    "... the audience was most agreeably impressed by the quick answers the children gave. One of Mr. Badcock's late pupils, Mr. John Woodward, now schoolmaster to the County Gaol at Worcester, gave a lecture on education, which did him great credit. Several other friends spoke of the great utility of education, and also gave a vote of thanks to Mr. Badcock for the able manner in which the children had been brought forward on this occasion".

    Interestingly, I was told by the late Mr Bernard Holdaway Badcock (1923-99) of Packington, Leicestershire - a great-grandson - that according to family tradition, Henry Charles Neale Badcock had disassociated himself from his father, Henry Neale Badcock of Axminster, subsequently moving to Leicestershire, following his father's second marriage, of which he did not approve.

    In actual fact, it was something like fifteen years after the death of his father that the younger Henry moved to Ibstock from the south of England, though there must certainly be some substance to the 'word of mouth' understanding of a rift between the two in this regard, passed down like an echo through subsequent generations, given that research bears out that the elder Henry was indeed re-married, soon after the death of his first wife.

    The basis of such disapproval may never be known, though another possible issue of division may have been one of religion, the younger Henry being clearly of a non-conformist persuasion, which would appear to deviate from the norm of his family background.

    His non-conformity is evidenced, firstly, by the fact that for most of his career he was a teacher of a British School. As such, he would have received his training from the British and Foreign School Society, a non-conformist organisation set up in the early nineteenth century 'for the Education of the Labouring and Manufacturing Classes of Society of Every Religious Persuasion', and which supported 'British Schools', operating in rivalry with the 'National Schools' of the Established Church. We have seen through newspaper articles of 1856, that he was briefly master of two national schools around that time, though both these incumbencies were short-lived and it would appear that he and the Anglican clergyman in charge of the Hugglescote National School were poles apart in their ideas about how things should be done and, quite possibly, in their respective theological grounding.

    We also know that Henry Charles had his first children baptised at the Independent Chapel in Axminster and following his arrival at Ibstock it would appear that he became a member of the Baptist Church there. The General Baptist Magazine records that on January 1st 1876, Mr Adam Walker of East Ardsley was married to Henrietta Badcock, youngest daughter of the Ibstock schoolmaster, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend J Salisbury, MA at the Ibstock Baptist Chapel. The account goes on to note, "This being the first marriage solemnized in the Baptist Chapel, the newly married pair were presented with an elegantly bound Bible."

    The second wife of Henry Charles Neale Badcock, Hannah Louisa Mould, also acted as a schoolmistress at Ibstock (10) and their family then played a prominent role in the village hierarchy, until the early part of the twentieth century.

    Eight children are known to have been born to the schoolmaster and his second wife, namely Louisa Badcock (born 3 August 1837; baptised 8 November 1837, Independent Chapel, Axminster); Julia Badcock (born 1839, Axminster; died 1854, Axminster); Charles Badcock (born c 1842, Axminster); Elizabeth Ann Badcock (born c 1844, Axminster); Tryphena Badcock (born c 1846, Lyme Regis, Dorset); Alfred Neale Badcock (born c 1848, Lyme Regis, Dorset; died 1852); Edwin Neale Badcock (born 1849, Lyme Regis) and Henrietta Badcock (born c 1852, Lyme Regis, Dorset).

    In the 1871 Census for Ibstock, Henry Charles Badcock, 'certificated schoolmaster' and his wife Hannah, 'schoolmistress', are recorded as living at Smiths Lane (the present day 'Hall Street'), with their daughters, Tryphena (spelt, 'Triphena’), 'certificated schoolmistress', unmarried, aged twenty five, and Henrietta, 'dressmaker', unmarried, aged nineteen.


    H.C.N Badcock - death certificate, 1873

    He died two years later, on 22 May 1873 and is recorded on the death certificate as 'Charles Henry Neale Badcock'; cause of death, 'scirrhus of the bladder and paralysis'.

    His death registration is the only official record I have thus found to also ascribe him the name 'Neale', with the informant's name given as Ann Wright, "present at the death". Interestingly, amongst papers that recently came into my possession following the death of my Uncle Edwin, there is to be found an old envelope with some handwritten notes, detailing him as the 'last headmaster' of Ibstock British School and giving his full name as 'Charles Henry Baker Neale Badcock'; 'Baker', as we know, was the maiden name of his mother.




    Above left: Barford St Martin's National School, Wiltshire (seen in 1906), where Henry Charles Neale Badcock had served briefly as master, before moving to Leicestershire, circa 1856. Right: The Hon and Rev Samuel Waldegrave (1817 - 1869)

    Waldegrave was second son of eighth Earl Waldergrave and was Rector of Barford St Martin's, before becoming Bishop of Carlisle. In a letter of 1856, Mr Badcock claims to have been invited by Waldegrave to become master of Barford School, though it is not currently known how the two were acquainted.

    It may be that Henry Charles still had some influential connections as a result of his paternal and maternal family background and we also know that his second wife's family had connections with Wiltshire, given that she had been born in Warminster.


    The Civil Registration Index records the death of his widow, Hannah Louisa Badcock, as having occurred in Nottingham during the quarter ending December 1886, aged seventy six years. She is found to have been living with the family of her youngest daughter in the 1881 census, where she is recorded as 'Harriet L Badrick' aged seventy (place of birth - Warminster, Wiltshire). This occurs in the district of Uxbridge, Middlesex, where her thirty four year old son-in-law, Adam Walker, is recorded as 'School Master and Lecturer.'


    Louisa, Elizabeth, Tryphena and Henrietta Badcock - daughters of Henry Charles Neale Badcock.

    No fewer than three of Henry Charles Neale Badcock's daughters: Louisa Badcock, Elizabeth Ann Badcock and Tryphena Badcock appear to have followed their father's profession as teachers, while a third daughter, Henrietta Badcock, married a school master, Adam Walker, whose eldest daughter, Flora Walker, is also known to have entered this profession.

    For the record, I note that the rather lovely name, 'Tryphena', has its origins in the New Testament (Romans 16:12), being of Greek origin, meaning 'dainty' or 'delicate'.

    Louisa Badcock appears as a schoolmistress at the Barrow Upon Soar Union Workhouse, Leicestershire in the census of 1861 and 1871. Her place of birth is given as Axminster, confirming that this was the eldest daughter of the Ibstock schoolmaster. She was married in 1872.

    It would seem that neither Elizabeth or Tryphena Badcock married. In the 1881 Census, Elizabeth (then aged 37) is found to be living as a boarder at 5, Brighton Terrace, St Oswald, Chester in the household of Richard and Susan Wright. The occupation of Elizabeth is recorded as 'Teacher in Public School'; Mr and Mrs Wright are recorded likewise.

    In the same census, we find that her sister, Tryphena Badcock (then aged 35) is living as a boarder at 10, Mount Pleasant, Kendal, Westmoorland, in the house of Miss Elizabeth R Goodman who is described as 'Teacher of Private School'. Tryphena's occupation is given as 'School Mistress'.

    In the 1901 Census, Tryphena Badcock (then aged 55) is found to be living at The School House, Stanton Upon Hine Heath, Shropshire, with the family of her sister, Henrietta Walker. The head of this household is given as Adam Walker (aged 54) who is recorded as 'school master'. The children of Adam and Henrietta Walker are listed as: Flora Walker, aged 22 (born Newhall Derbyshire, c 1879) - Assistant Schoolmistress; Frank Walker, aged 20 (born Clevedon, Somerset, c 1881); and George Henry Walker, aged 14 (born South Petherton, Somerset, c 1887). It is notable that whereas Adam and Flora Walker are recorded as having worked for an employer, the occupation of Tryphena is given as 'Private Schoolmistress (Own Account)'.

    In the 1911 Census, Tryphena Badcock (aged 65) is found to be still living with her sister and brother in law, Henrietta and Adam Walker, at Cleobury Mortimer in Shropshire.

    The Civil Registration Index records the death of one Elizabeth Ann Badcock in the Market Bosworth district of Leicestershire (which covers the parish of Ibstock) in the quarter ending June 1886. This may be the same Elizabeth, though there is a discrepancy of about four years in the age given. The same index records the death of one Tryphena Badcock at Croydon in the quarter ending June 1927, aged 79 years.


    Charles Badcock (c.1842 - 1924) and the Stenson (Ibstock) Line.
    William Stenson

    Above left: William Stenson, mining engineer and founder of Whitwick Colliery, whose granddaughter, Mary Anne Caroline Stenson, married Charles Badcock, the son of the Ibstock schoolmaster. Above right: plaque on London Road, Coalville, marking the site of Stenson's former residence.

    Link to Biography of William Stenson at Wikipedia

    Charles Badcock, the oldest son of the Ibstock Headmaster, became a head clerk at Nailstone Colliery and lived at Battram, Leicestershire. In 1862, he married Mary Anne Caroline Stenson (born in Ratby, Leicestershire, c 1840), a granddaughter of the locally celebrated mining engineer, William Stenson (1770 - 1861), founder of the Whitwick Colliery and so-called 'Father of Coalville'.

    Undoubtedly, the early members of this branch of the family would have taken considerable pride in their relationship to William Stenson, the coal-mining industry being a massive concern in this part of Leicestershire for more than one hundred and fifty years. An indication of how important the coal-mining industry was in Ibstock can be gleaned from the memoirs of Mr L.S Eggington: "The largest proportion of men and boys in these days were miners. When Ibstock Pit closed in 1928, some 1400 miners were put out of work."

    The children of Charles and Mary Anne Badcock were all given 'Stenson' as a middle name and indeed one of these sons is later found to have adopted this as a surname for himself, his wife and their nine children. We also find that the earlier tradition of passing down the name 'Neale' comes to an end on this side of the family.

    I had not been aware of the connection with William Stenson until being contacted by his great-great-great grandson, Mr Vern Prescott of Chatham, Ontario, Canada in 2003.

    Charles Badcock appears fairly frequently among Ibstock news items reported by the Coalville Times in the early twentieth century; in 1908, for example, he is mentioned as Chairman of the Ibstock Agricultural and Horticultural Society and as a Manager of the Battram County School. The Civil Registration Index records his death, aged 83 years, in the quarter ending December 1924, and that of his wife, Mary Anne Caroline, aged eighty years, in the quarter ending March 1919.

    The Coalville Times newspaper of 31 October 1924 gives a brief account of Charles Badcock's funeral the week previously. It records the fact that the burial took place at the Ibstock Cemetery, where the Reverend D J Perrott, B.A (Baptist minister) officiated and goes on to note: "The deceased was for over twenty years a member of the Parish Council and for three years it's chairman, also chairman of the Horticultural Society. He was over 83 years of age, and had only kept his bed for a few weeks." Mention is also given to the 'beautiful floral tributes', including one from the directors of the Nailstone Colliery Co, and one from the officials and staff thereof.

    Charles and Mary-Anne Badcock had three sons: William Stenson Badcock (born 1863); Charles Henry Stenson Badcock (born 1864) and Edwin Stenson Badcock (born 1867). Of these sons and their descendants:


    (I) William Stenson Badcock (1863 - 1944)


    William Stenson Badcock married, in 1891, Mary Jane Camp (born c 1861, Ripley, Derbyshire) and had four sons: Charles Badcock (1893 - 1935); William Ernest Badcock (1894 - 1934, for many years, a shopkeeper at 52, Leicester Road, Ibstock); Henry Camp Badcock (known as Harry, born 1898, died 1915) and Edwin Stenson Badcock (born 1900, died in infancy, 1901).

    The Civil Registration Index records the death of William Stenson Badcock as having occurred during the quarter ending March 1944 aged 81 years, meaning that he outlived all of his children and also his wife, Mary Jane Badcock, whose death occurred during the quarter ending March 1929, aged 67 years.



    The sons of William Stenson Badcock

    Above: My grandfather's cousins, Harry, Charles and William Badcock (the sons of William Stenson Badcock and great-grandsons of Henry Charles Neale Badcock, the Ibstock schoolmaster), pictured sometime between November 1914 and July 1915. The dignified, yet rather sombre appearance of the brothers, perhaps reflects their realisation of the peril they faced with the onset of war; soon after this photograph was taken, the youngest brother, Harry, lost his life in the trenches of Ypres, aged just seventeen years.

    (My grateful thanks to Mrs Tessa Newman of Ibstock, the granddaughter of Charles Badcock, for supplying this photograph for inclusion).





    Above: a more complete version of this photograph, restored and cleaned by Martin Bulmer (April 2013). Click to see enlarged image.


    Harry Camp Badcock - 'The Underage Soldier'

    Harry, the youngest son of William Stenson Badcock, lost his life as a private soldier in the Leicestershire Regiment in 1915. A report in the Coalville Times newspaper of 6 August 1915 reads:

    We regret the sad news received in a letter from the front on Wednesday morning by Mr Charles Badcock, that his youngest brother Harry had been killed in action on Sunday last. Harry Badcock was the youngest son of Mr and Mrs W Badcock of Leicester Road, Ibstock and joined the 5th Leicesters in November last. He was a very promising young man, having gained a scholarship under the County Council entitling him to instruction at the Coalville Grammar School, a school he attended for a number of years. He was a member of the Ibstock Church Lads Brigade and was employed at the Ibstock Collieries Ltd. There has been no official confirmation of the death as yet, and there remains the slender hope that it is not true.



    (Photographs by Stephen Neale Badcock, 17.02.11)

    Above: views of the war memorial located on Central Avenue, Ibstock, showing the name of H.C Badcock. This memorial bears the names of eighty men from Ibstock who fell during the First World War; Harry has the unfortunate distinction of being the first Ibstock soldier to have been reported killed. His name is also commemorated on memorial tablets in both Ibstock Parish Church and Ibstock Baptist Church. Further afield, his name appears on a panel of the Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres, Belgium, though unfortunately, on this latter memorial, the mason incorrectly spells his name as "BADCOOK".

    H.C.Badcock, misspelt on Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres

    Above: The erroneous spelling of Harry Badcock's surname as it appears on the Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres (photograph by Aurel Sercu, June 2008)


    Alas, a photograph of Harry appeared in the Coalville Times on 20 August 1915, confirming that on Sunday August 1st, he had been shot in the stomach and had 'expired in a few minutes'. It was also noted that he was the first soldier from Ibstock reported killed.(The Commonwealth War Grave Commission records the date of death as July 31 1915, and that he is commemorated on Panel 33 of the Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres, Belgium).

    From a splendid article to be found at the "Great War Forum" by "Chris_B", we learn that Harry enlisted for service at the Drill Hall on Ashby Road, Coalville on Monday 16 November 1914, where he declared his age as 18 years and 353 days. In actual fact, he had added two years to his real age in order to meet enlistment criteria and emerged from the Drill Hall as Private 3293 H C Badcock of the Fifth Battalion Leicestershire Regiment. After just thirty seven days of action in the trenches of France and Flanders, Harry fell as one of thirty five casualties involved in digging a 'communication trench' - still aged just seventeen years.

    Harry's body was never found.



    The middle brother, William Ernest Badcock, was married in the spring of 1920 to Emily Lewis (nee Blakesley), the widow of Sapper Isaac Lewis, who had been killed in action in June 1917. It is my understanding that there were no children from this union, though Emily had a daughter, Edna, by her first husband, born in 1914. It is also my understanding that this daughter was blind and that she never married. As stated earlier, William owned a small shop on Leicester Road, Ibstock, which business was carried on by Mrs Emily Badcock following his death in 1934.

    The eldest brother, Charles Badcock (born 1893, died April 1935) married Edith Hannah Cooper at Saint Denys Church, Ibstock on 20 July 1912 and had one son, Harry Badcock (baptised 29 August 1913, Ibstock; an army Sergeant during World War Two) who married Marguerite Foster. They had two daughters, Judith Anne (born 1942) and Tessa Marguerite Badcock (born 1950), and one son, Peter Charles Badcock (born 1946) who served for forty-one years in the Royal Air Force, attaining the rank of Group Captain.

    Peter himself now has grandchildren, which means that following this line of the family from John and Eunice Badcock, the family tree extends to eleven generations.

    An interesting biography of Group Captain Badcock is to be found at the Jane's Information Group website, when Mr Badcock was a speaker at the UK Defence Conference 2008. His profile is reproduced here:


    Group Captain Peter Charles Badcock MBE, RAF (Rtd) - b 1946: Great-grandson of William Stenson Badcock; Great-great-great-grandson of Henry Charles Neale Badcock

    Group Captain Peter Charles Badcock, MBE


    Mr. Badcock was born in Ibstock, Leicestershire in 1946. He joined the Royal Air Force in 1963 as an Apprentice and graduated as a radar technician in 1966. Following a short tour of duty working on the radar and communications systems at RAF Boulmer he was commissioned in 1968 and completed his Engineer Officer training at the Royal Air Force College Cranwell in 1972.

    He returned to RAF Boulmer in 1972, initially as a watch keeping officer on the RAF Linesman System, latterly being responsible for the newly introduced computerised Sector Operations Centre (SOC) C2 systems. In 1976 he moved to RAF Benbecula as the Senior Engineering Officer responsible for the radar and communications systems at the Control and Reporting Post. In 1978 Mr Badcock was promoted to Squadron Leader and assigned to SHAPE as a staff officer working in the Air Defence Component and was responsible for the engineering plus the operations and maintenance budgets for the NATO Air Defence Ground Environment (ADGE). On his return to the UK Mr Badcock served as the Senior Engineering Officer at SOC RAF Buchan and co-ordinated the local implementation of the upgrade to the Improved UK ADGE. This was followed by a tour of duty as the C2 systems engineering specialist on the UK Air Tactical Evaluation Team.

    On promotion to Wing Commander in 1984 Mr Badcock moved to the UK MOD Procurement Executive working on a number of projects including the Over The Horizon Radar systems that were being developed in co-operation with the US Air Force. In 1986 Mr Badcock was seconded to the Sultan of Oman's Air Force as the senior C2 engineer, during this period he was responsible for projects which replaced much of the communications systems and installed 2 new radar systems. Following the advanced staff course at the Joint Service Defence College at Greenwich, Mr. Badcock was assigned to RAF Buchan as the Sector Engineer with responsibility for engineering at the 5 bases in the Northern Sector of the UK Air Defence Region. This was followed in 1992 by an exchange tour with the USAF at Scott Air Force Base in Illinois where Mr Badcock worked on a number of projects including the USAF portion of the "Red Switch" secure communications system.

    In 1994 on promotion to Group Captain he was assigned to RAF Support Command Brampton where he was responsible for the preparation of the operational requirements for ground radar and communications systems and their subsequent introduction in to service including the integrated logistics support. He was assigned to Allied Command Baltic Approaches in Denmark in 1996 as the Assistant Chief of Staff Communications Information Systems (CIS) responsible for all CIS in the Command. He moved to SHAPE in 1996 as Chief J6 (CIS) Current Operations. His arrival coincided with the onset of NATO operations in Kosovo and he was in charge of the planning and implementing the NATO C2 systems in that theatre. During this period he was responsible for policy, planning, co-ordination, and implementation of CIS for all NATO operations including Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Iraq and Afghanistan. Prior to his retirement in 2004 he was assigned to the SHAPE Team co-ordinating the planning and implementation of the 2004 NATO Command Structure.

    Mr Badcock joined NC3A in 2005 as the SHAPE Liaison Officer/Integrated Project Team Leader for Support of NATO Operations and was the project executive during the exponential rise in the C4I support required for ISAF with the NATO expansion in Afghanistan. He became the NC3A Representative to Allied Command Operations in 2006.

    He was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1985 and awarded the NATO Meritorious Service Medal in 2006.

    Mr Badcock and his wife Joan have 2 daughters and 3 grandchildren.



    (II) Charles Henry Stenson Badcock (1864 - 1952) and his descendants in North America





    Charles Henry Stenson Badcock and His wife, Harriet, pictured circa 1930

    Above: Charles Henry Stenson Badcock and his wife Harriet, pictured circa 1930, who emigrated to Canada with their children before the First World War. Following his emigration, Charles styled his surname and that of his family as simply 'Stenson'.

    (My grateful thanks to Kathy Jenson Samples of Shelbyville, Kentucky, USA - a great-granddaughter for the submission of this beautiful photograph, received by email, 24.02.2012)


    Charles Henry Stenson Badcock was born at Ibstock, Leicestershire on 27 November 1864 and was married on 30 May 1886 to Harriet Lee (born 30 May 1865, Rubery, Worcestershire) and by this union had nine children, all of whom emigrated with their parents to live in Canada before the First World War.


    SS Kensington
    SS Cassandra

    Above: Victorian/Edwardian postcards depicting, left, SS Kensington and right, SS Cassandra, which took the family of Charles Henry Stenson Badcock to Canada in the years 1906 and 1907. He was the father of nine children, many descendants of which now live in Canada and the United States of America.

    In the 1901 Census, Charles Henry Stenson Badcock and his young family are found to be living at 52, Town Street, Leeds, with the occupation of Charles recorded as 'Railway Signal Man'. Passenger lists reveal that on 10 May 1906, Charles left Liverpool on the ship KENSINGTON, accompanied by his eldest daughters, May and Nellie. They were joined a year later by his wife Harriet and the remaining children - Charles, Frederick, George, Lizzie, Willie and Hector, all of whom departed Glasgow aboard the ship CASSANDRA on 10 May 1907.

    Charles was employed by the Canadian Pacific Railway until 1921 and thereafter, the Canadian National Railway. He died on 17 March 1952 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, his wife Harriet having died ten years earlier at the Victoria Hospital, Winnipeg on 1 May 1942.

    A striking feature of this particular family is the longevity of several of the siblings. The second daughter, Nellie, was born at Ibstock, Leicestershire on 29 October 1888 and died at Prince Edward Island on 11 January 1991, aged 102 years, whilst the youngest daughter, Stella, was born on 23 November 1898 and died in Kentucky, USA on 11 November 1998, just twelve days short of her one hundredth birthday.

    Charles Henry Stenson Badcock, his wife Harriet and all of their children assumed the surname of 'Stenson' after their arrival in North America. Of these children:

    *May Badcock was born in 1887 at Kings Norton, Leicestershire. She married, on 5 November 1910 at Winnipeg, one James Howard Hogg Maxwell and died on 10 January 1980 aged ninety two years in Vancouver, British Columbia. An obituary in the Vancouver Sun newspaper of 12 January 1980 records that she was survived by a son, Howard Maxwell of Regina, and six daughters: Vera Maxwell and Shirley Barrett of White Rock; Lydia Jarvis of Drumheller, Alberta; Mary Milot of Montreal and Gladys Parker of Surrey. It also records that she was survived by twelve grandchildren and eleven great-grandchildren.

    *Nellie Badcock was born on 29 October 1888 at Ibstock, Leicestershire. She married, in 1908, one David Milton Gilmor Carr and died on 11 January 1991 at Prince Edward Island.

    *Charles Stenson Badcock was born in 1890 at Colwick, Nottinghamshire. He married, on 12 August 1914 at Winnipeg, one Edith Winnington and died on 24 March 1965 in Winnipeg.

    *Frederick George Badcock was born on 15 August 1892 in Leeds, Yorkshire. He married, on 18 May 1912 at Winnipeg, one Hannah Bell Sharpe and died on 2 November 1967 in Vancouver. He is known to have entered the Canadian Army in 1916 and, like his father, later worked as a railway signalman. His obituary in the Vancouver Sun newspaper of 3 November 1967 records his death as Frederick George Stenson and that he had been a member of the Mount Pleasant Salvation Army Corps. It records that he was survived by his wife Hannah, one son, Frederick and two daughters: Mrs K (Helen) Salisbury and Mrs J (Irene) Fitzpatrick, both of Saskatoon, and also eleven grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.

    *William Stenson Badcock was born on 13 February 1895 in Leeds, Yorkshire. He married, on 16 January at Winnipeg, one Edith Peal Thornton and died on 23 March 1989 in Winnipeg.

    *Elizabeth Badcock was born in 1897 in Leeds, Yorkshire. She married, on 9 April 1919 at Winnipeg, one Joseph Aridas Fortier and is found to have been living at Fort William, Ontario in the 1960s.

    *Stella Badcock was born on 23 November 1898 in Leeds, Yorkshire. She married, on 29 September 1917 at Winnipeg, one William Alexander Jensen (a native of Copenhagen, Denmark) and died on 11 November 1998 at Waddy, Shelby, Kentucky, USA. She was survived by two sons, W Alex Jensen Jnr of Waddy and Raymond V Jensen of Louisville, nine grandchildren, twenty three great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren. She outlived her husband and another of their sons, Theodore Jensen.

    Through the medium of 'Facebook', contact has recently been established with present day members of the Jenson family in Kentucky.

    *Hector Badcock was born on 27 October 1904 in Leeds, Yorkshire. He married, in 1930 at Brandon, Manitoba, one Elsie May Johnson. He moved from Canada to the United States of America in 1960, where he is found to have died at Sacramento, California on 15 October 1994, less than two weeks short of his ninetieth birthday.

    Interestingly, Hector Stenson and his wife are recorded as having been in attendance at a music teachers' convention at the Fort Gary Hotel, as reported in the Winnipeg Free Press of 10 July 1937.

    *Albert Badcock, the only child of Charles Henry Stenson and Harriet Badcock to have been born outside of England, was born in about 1908 in Manitoba and died on 5 August 1915.

    (I am indebted to Mr V Prescott of Ontario, Canada for this information, resulting from his diligent genealogical research into the lineage of his ancestor, William Stenson, the engineer).


    (III) Edwin Stenson Badcock (1867 - 1921)


    Edwin Stenson Badcock married, in 1890, Susan Camp (born c 1870, Ripley, Derbyshire), sister of Mary Jane Camp, the wife of his eldest brother, William. For some years he was the Ibstock postmaster.

    The late Mr William Corah, who for many years wrote a local history column for the Coalville Times under the pseudonym 'Lavengro' notes, in one such article:

    "The Post Office formerly operated in Gladstone Street, under the direction of Mr Gadsby but, in 1900, this was transferred to Mr Badcock's in High Street.

    Edwin Stenson Badcock, originally a clerk at Nailstone Colliery, started printing at Battram, as a hobby, and in 1898 he devoted his full time to it and opened up the 'Caxton' works at Ibstock. Incidentally, I am told that Mr Badcock and Dr Wilson shared the honour of being the first two car owners in Ibstock."

    Further evidence of Edwin Stenson Badcock's relatively affluent status within the village is gleaned from the fact that one Eliza Boole (aged nineteen years) is listed as a servant (general domestic), within the family household at 41, High Street in the 1911 census. Following his death (recorded as having occurred during the quarter ending June 1921), his widow, Mrs Susan Badcock (nee Camp), built 'The Croft' residence on High Street, Ibstock and was also instrumental in the founding of the Ibstock Nursing Association (11).

    Susan Badcock's death appears to have occurred during the quarter ending June 1959 (registered in the district of Birmingham), aged 88 years.

    Edwin Stenson Badcock and his wife had two children: Kathleen Badcock (born c 1891, Nailstone, Leics), who married Ashton Glover in 1912; and Charles Edwin Stenson Badcock (born 1894, Nailstone, Leics). This son, known always in the family as 'Sten', was married to Susan Porter in 1915 and had two children, Elsie Badcock (born 1915) and Richard Badcock (born 1916).



    Sergeant Richard Badcock, RAF (1916 - 1943)
    Sgt Richard Badcock's grave, Stoke Golding, Leicestershire (photo courtesy of Ian Vickers)

    Above: My thanks to Ian Vickers, author of the 'Ibstock Remembers' website for this composition, showing Sergeant Richard Badcock's grave at Stoke Golding, Leicestershire and a group of Wellington bombers. It was in such an aircraft that Richard and four other crew members lost their lives whilst attempting to land at RAF Waddington in Lincolnshire.

    Richard Badcock lost his life in World War Two as an Air Bomber Sergeant in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve on 28 January 1943. He is buried at Stoke Golding, Leicestershire and is commemorated on a list of war dead in Ibstock Parish Church. An extract from a local publication reads, "News came through of the death of a Dixie Old Boy who had been serving in the RAF, Sergeant R Badcock, aged 26 years. Brought up by his grandmother, Mrs Badcock, of the Croft, Ibstock, he had attended Market Bosworth Grammar School and was a keen churchman and member of the choir"(12). (Commonwealth War Grave Commission records Richard Badcock's age as 28).

    Some further insight into the death of Sergeant Richard Badcock can be found at the Ibstock Remembers website, by Ian Vickers. Richard was one of a crew of five that lost their lives in a Wellington bomber that had taken off from Cottesmore at 09:45 hours for a navigation flight. Whilst attempting to land at Waddington airfield, the aircraft spun off in a left hand turn and crashed at 12:30 hours near the runway. It is thought that the crew were experiencing problems with the port engine.


    Ibstock Village War Memorial



    Like his cousin, Private Harry Badcock, Richard Badcock is commemorated on a war memorial plaque in Ibstock Parish Church and also on the village war memorial on Central Avenue (seen above).



    Edwin Neale Badcock (1849 - 1926) - my great grandfather - and his descendants.

    Edwin Neale Badcock (my great grandfather) was born at Lyme Regis, Dorset (where his father was master of a British School) on 25 November 1849 and died in February 1926.

    Despite the relative genealogical immediacy of this Edwin to present day members of the family, very little is known about him. His death, in 1926, occurred shortly after the marriage of my grandfather and therefore he was not known either to my father or any of his siblings. Moreover, it seems that my grandfather never talked about him to any of his children and there would appear to be a perception, amongst members of the wider family, that he was something of a 'black sheep' in the sense of an unrealised potential.

    On my grandfather's birth certificate, the occupation of Edwin Neale Badcock is given as 'Carpenter (Journeyman)'. This is perhaps notable in that, as a manual worker, he differed from his older brother Charles, who had distinguished himself as a senior colliery office clerk (then a position of some status in a large coal-mining community where most would have more easily used a pick than a pen) and also his schoolmistress sisters.

    At the time of the 1901 Census, Edwin Neale Badcock lived with his wife and their six children at 39, High Street, Norton in Leicestershire. With the exception of his eldest son, another Edwin Neale (born in Nottingham), these children are recorded as having been born in Sheepy Magna and Wellsborough which, like Norton, lie in South West Leicestershire, not far from the Warwickshire border.

    Edwin Neale Badcock married one Elizabeth Smith (born about 1863, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire), who signs my grandfather's birth certificate as 'Lizzie'. They had eight children: Edwin Neale (born 1885, died May 1940); Elizabeth Neale (born 1885); Ada Neale (born 1889); Charles (born 1892); Flora (born 1893); Arthur (born 1896, died 1962); Bertie (born 1898, died 1982) and Ernest (born 1901).

    The Civil Registration Index cites only the first three children of Edwin Neale Badcock (Edwin, Elizabeth and Ada) as having the name 'Neale', which, at first reckoning, would seem to contradict the assertion made many years ago by Ada Neale Badcock to her nephew, Edwin Neale Badcock (my uncle), that all of her siblings had this name. However, regardless of what was or was not included in official registration, it seems that Ada was keen to emphasise that all members in this line of the family inherited this name by 'birthright'. This understanding (clearly instilled in her at a young age, as a matter of some importance), of right to a patronymic which was not always endorsed by forbears in providing information for the purposes of civil or ecclesiastical registration, would appear to be borne out in this regard, by the fluctuating trends of preceding generations; Ada's grandfather, the Ibstock schoolmaster, appears in the Axminster baptismal register for 1808, for example, as simply, 'Henry Charles Badcock', though his death certificate has him as 'Charles Henry Neale Badcock'. Similarly, his father appears in the Harpford baptismal register for 1772 as simply 'Henry Badcock', though in the Axminster marriage register for 1795, he appears as 'Henry Neale Badcock'. Likewise, his father appears in the Harpford burial register for 1786 as simply 'John Badcock', though in the Ludgate baptismal register for 1718, he appears as 'John Neale Badcock' and in his will of 1785, his 'common law' wife is referred to throughout as, 'Susannah Neale Badcock', suggesting that at that time it was regarded as a compound surname. Similarly, the name 'Neale', does not appear on the birth certificate of my grandfather, Arthur, though his widow, Ada referred to him as 'Arthur Neale Badcock' and I therefore assume he identified himself as such. In similar vein, I also assumed the name, 'Neale', prior to my marriage in 1991, in the hope of perpetuating this rather fascinating family tradition, and which was then formally passed on to my daughters as part of their surname, by way of civil registration.

    It is unlikely that Ada Neale Badcock, my great-aunt, knew the exact origins of her 'middle' name, save that she inherited it from her father and that it somehow carried some weighty significance from a bygone age. What is perhaps most remarkable is the persistence of its usage (assumed or otherwise), throughout multiple generations of an otherwise disparate and non-cohesive family. It is certainly a factor which has assisted greatly in piecing together a family lineage for an amateur genealogist!

    The eldest child of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith, another Edwin Neale Badcock, was proprietor of a garage in Measham, Leicestershire; this appears in Kelly's Directory of Leicestershire in 1925 and 1941. He married Lillian Florence Holdaway (born 1891, died 1968) and had three children: Edwin Neale Holdaway Badcock (born 1919, died 1923); Bernard Holdaway Badcock (born 1923, Measham, died May 1999); and Carl Holdaway Badcock (born 1926).

    The eldest daughters of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith - Elizabeth Neale Badcock and Ada Neale Badcock married two brothers, William John and Albert Brooks. Elizabeth and William Brooks had one daughter, Flora Brooks, who married Eric Nichols; Ada and Albert Brooks had no children.

    The second son of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith, Charles Badcock, is recorded as having been born in the Market Bosworth district of Leicestershire in the quarter ending September 1892. Nothing further is known of him, though it would appear that he died aged 42 years in Leicester, during the quarter ending June 1935.

    The third daughter of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith, Flora Badcock (b 1893) married, at Saint Denys Church, Ibstock on 1 August 1921, William August Oswald Donner, originally of Markersdorf in Saxony. Interestingly, in the Ibstock Marriage Register, William's address is given as The Croft, High Street, Ibstock which was the residence of Susan Badcock, widow of Edwin Stenson Badcock (Flora's cousin), suggesting that there was a strong connection among members of the extended family in the village.

    William Donner and his brother, Frederick, were directors in the company of Oswald Donner and Co Ltd, hosiery machinists, established and owned by their brother, Oswald Donner in 1919. This company had factories in Leicester, London and Kilmarnock, Scotland (13); Flora and William moved to live in Kilmarnock following their marriage and had one daughter, named Audrey, who (according to her cousin, Norah Coreena Badcock) was educated at Edinburgh University and worked for some years as a journalist for the Scottish Daily Express. It is my understanding that Audrey Donner never married.




    Above: William Donner, who married Flora Badcock in 1921, is seen second left in the above photograph, taken outside the factory of Oswald Donner and Co Ltd, Kilmarnock in the 1950s, with his two brothers, Fred and Oswald Ernest Donner to his right, and his nephew, Ernest Donner (son of Oswald) to his left.

    (I am grateful to Mr Rod Saunders, the present day owner of Oswald Donner and Co, and to his son Mr James Saunders, for the submission of this very interesting photograph).


    It was Flora Donner and her daughter Audrey (neither of whom I knew), who first seem to have taken an interest in the history of the family and many years ago I was shown a letter (dated 1968) which had been sent to the late Mr Bernard Holdaway Badcock of Packington, Flora's nephew, from their home in Kilmarnock. In this letter, Flora provided a transcript of her father's birth certificate, which detailed him as Edwin Neale Badcock, born at Lyme Regis, Dorset, in 1849. Alluding to the fact that her brother (Bernard's father) was also named, Edwin Neale Badcock, she explained, "... now you will see where the name 'Neale' comes from". Flora went on to say that she and Audrey had contacted a London based genealogist, one Alexander W D Mitton, Esquire, of 'The Dungeon', Earls Court Road, who had given "a good report of the family", and who had said that he would provide a family tree going back about two hundred years, but it is clear that they were somewhat taken aback by his proposed fee of £315. This would indeed have been a small fortune in 1968, and I would have thought it unlikely that Flora or Audrey ever commissioned such an undertaking. The genealogist did make reference to a Richard Neale Badcock of Holborn appearing as the father of one William Badcock in Foster's 'Alumni Oxonienses', and it was this lead that prompted me to carry out searches for 'Neale Badcocks' in London by way of the International Genealogical Index microfilm system available in the local records office when I began my genealogical research, circa 1991 (all now available 'on line'). As outlined in the introduction to this web page, it was to be many years before I was able to make the connection between the 'Neale Badcocks' of eighteenth century London and those of nineteenth century Devon and Leicestershire.


    Arthur Neale Badcock
    .
    Above: My grandfather Arthur Neale Badcock, circa 1920


    Arthur Neale Badcock
    Arthur Neale Badcock


    My grandfather, Arthur Neale Badcock (1896 - 1962) seen left on an 'Omega' motorcycle and right, as the proud proprietor of a well-stocked confectionery shop in the village of Ibstock, Leicestershire - both photographs taken during the 1920s.

    (Mr Paul Essens of Holland, a veteran motorcycle expert, dates the Omega motorcycle to 1920 due to the 'Brampton biflex front fork', used by the Coventry based manufacturers in that particular year. I am also grateful to Mr Essens for cleaning up the photograph; clearly Anglo-Dutch relations are as cordial as they were three centuries ago, when Arthur's great-great-grandfather corresponded with Jan de Neufville of Amsterdam!).

    And below: The premises on High Street, Ibstock which I believe once contained my grandfather's shop - seen here in February 2011.




  • My grandfather, Arthur Neale Badcock, the third son of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith (born at Sibson, Leicestershire on 24 September 1896), is said to have been the proprietor of a confectionery shop in Ibstock during the years following the first world war (in which he had served as a private soldier) and the birth certificate of his eldest daughter, Norah Coreena (dated 4 June 1924) gives an address of 55, High Street, Ibstock, noting Arthur's profession as 'confectioner'. Trade directories of that time have this shop in the auspices of Mrs Elizabeth Badcock, suggesting that it belonged to his mother, though whatever the arrangement, it is said that this little enterprise floundered amidst the blackening economic climate of the late-1920s and Norah recounted that the shop was the subject of a mysterious fire, for which it was even suggested that her father may have been responsible in the hope of an insurance pay-out!

    As a point of interest, Norah also recounted that her father's sister, Elizabeth and her husband, William John Brooks, owned two drapery shops opposite, 43 and 45, High Street.

    In his memoirs, the late Mr L.S Eggington of Ibstock cites the closure of Ibstock Colliery in 1928 as having had a hugely adverse impact on the community, when some fourteen hundred men and boys were put out of work. The hardship that ensued must have been unimaginable by today's standards and Mr Eggington writes: "Some left the village to seek jobs elsewhere, others went to neighbouring pits or brickyards. Some started up in businesses of their own, but it was an uphill fight, as competition was keen."

    A confectionery trade at this time must indeed have been a hopeless cause and following the inevitable the loss of his business, Arthur - remembered as a slightly built, rather demure gentleman - is said to have walked with several other men from the village to find employment at the colliery in Harworth, on the Yorkshire border. This, indeed, must have taken place between 1928 (when the birth of his third child, Kenneth, was recorded in the Market Bosworth district of Leicestershire) and 1930 (when the birth of his fourth child, Audrey, was recorded in the district of Worksop, North Nottinghamshire). There, his wife, Ada Steel joined him, leaving behind their two eldest children, Norah Coreena Badcock (b 30 April 1924; d 13 March 2013) and Edwin Arthur George Neale Badcock (b 6 April 1926; d December 2013) to be brought up in the village of Ibstock, in the care of Ada's parents, George and Eliza Harriet Steel, George being the proprietor of a plumbing, painting and decorating business based on High Street, Ibstock.

    The estrangement between Arthur and his two eldest children, Norah and Edwin (known always in the family as 'Peggy' and 'Son') is something which would always resonate a degree of sadness and bewilderment for them in reflecting upon their childhood. Peggy would describe how she 'hated' the surrogate upbringing by her maternal grandparents, of whom she thought of as 'coarse' and constantly craved re-union with her father; Edwin once described to me his memory of the unnatural awkwardness associated with time he first recalled having met his father, as a boy of perhaps ten years old, when he was received at a train station by a stranger, 'wearing a blue serge suit and a trilby hat', and who extended a handshake, introducing himself as his father. Most certainly, with regard to the perspective of Norah and Edwin, rightly or wrongly, there was a perception of displacement in the union of their parents, whom Edwin once described as being 'diametrically opposed, on every level.' Perhaps the fact that both the registration of Norah's birth and the marriage of her parents occurred during the quarter ending June 1924, lends tacit credence to such a viewpoint.

    Settling in the colliery village of Bircotes near Doncaster, Arthur and his wife had a further eight children: Kenneth Cecil Badcock (born 1928); Audrey Florence Badcock (born 1930); Beryl Elizabeth Badcock (born 1933); Christina Badcock (born 6 April 1935); Peter Donald Badcock (1937 - 1964); Donn Clifford Badcock (born 16 September 1939); Pamela Ann Badcock (born 1943) and Barrie Badcock (born 1947; died in infancy).

    Arthur Neale Badcock, died in the colliery village of Bircotes on 14 July 1962, aged sixty-five years, never living to enjoy a retirement. I am told that he died, still with first world war shrapnel embedded in his stomach, and no doubt worn out by more than thirty-five years working underground, and during a period which also encompassed the Second World War, when once again he would have been in service to his country by assisting with the war effort's increased demand for coal.

    There, in Bircotes, his widow, Ada, survived him by almost thirty years, dying at the age of ninety in 1991.


    Arthur Neale Badcock: War Service

    (15.11.12): I am currently in the process of trying to find out more about my grandfather's service during the Great War.

    My father believes that he served in the Leicestershire Regiment and later the Royal Artillery.



    This understanding seems to be supported by the fact that at the National Archives, we find that one Arthur Badcock, a private soldier in the Leicestershire Regiment 3rd Battalion, was discharged from service in 1916, having been issued with a 'Silver War Badge'. This shows that he had been enlisted on 17 November 1915 and discharged on 2 October 1916. We then also find a medal card for one Arthur Badcock, gunner in the Royal Field Artillery, citing his entitlement to British and Victory Medals, which suggests he re-enlisted for service.

    My father recently recounted that his father once reminisced about the dreadful unrest and 'rioting' that he witnessed amongst fellow soldiers in France at the end of the war, as a result of their desperation to be returned home and also that he suffered from the effects of 'gassing' at a place called 'Combury.'

    This chat with my Dad, on Armistice Sunday - 11th November 2012 - led me to research World War One campaigns on the internet, where I discovered there had been a protracted battle at 'Cambrai' in northern France, 1917.


    Though my grandparents, Arthur and Ada Badcock had ten children, only five of these also had children. Sadly, there was not a strong bond amongst Arthur and Ada's children and their respective families, all scattered over England and Wales, though in more recent times - in an age of improved communications and with all of the siblings now in retirement - my father and his sisters have re-established and maintained more consistent contact. This has enabled me to discover 'close' cousins that I had never previously known of. I am now delighted to be in contact with several of them via the medium of 'Facebook' and email and especially pleased that thay have taken interest in their ancestral history, as set out here. I look forward to adding their details to this page.

    Due to the prevalence of female descendants among Arthur and Ada's children, the Badcock surname has not been perpetuated in this line, other than in the case of my father's issue (namely myself and my brother) and nor has the tradition of passing down the name 'Neale' (though now reinstated by myself and my brother in recognition of a tradition begun in 1718, that would otherwise be extinct). Of those siblings born to Arthur, third son of Edwin Neale Badcock, that went on to have families of their own:

    Kenneth Cecil Badcock moved back to Leicestershire from Bircotes and married Hetty Hall (district of Coalville, quarter ending September 1955) and had one daughter, Bridget Badcock, who married Alan Glover. Kenneth Badcock and his wife later retired to live in Scotland.

    Audrey Florence Badcock married Raymond Chapman and had two sons, Stuart and Michael Chapman. For some years this family lived in South Africa.

    Beryl Elizabeth Badcock married Peter L Hume (district of Windsor, quarter ending June 1953) and had two children, Caroline (now Caroline Harris) and Gary. Gary Hume now lives in Melbourne, Australia.

    Christina Badcock married Raymond A Pinder (district of Worksop, quarter ending September 1953) and had six children.



    Norah Coreena
    Edwin Arthur George Neale
    Audrey Florence

    Beryl Elizabeth and Christina


    Peter Donald
    Donn Clifford
    Pamela Ann

    Above: The children of Arthur Neale and Ada Badcock.

    Norah Coreena (1924 - 2013); Edwin Arthur George Neale (1926 - 2013); Audrey Florence (b. 1930); Christina (b. 1935) and Beryl Elizabeth (b. 1933); Peter Donald (1937 - 1964); Donn Clifford (b. 1939); Pamela Ann (b. 1942)

    Norah was known always as "Peggy" and Edwin was often referred to as "Son". Peter is seen in Royal Artillery uniform, late 1950s, having enlisted as a 'regular' soldier.

    To be added: Kenneth Cecil (b. 1928)

    A tenth child, Barrie, was born in 1947 but died in infancy and there are no known photographs.


    Donn Clifford Badcock: Following National Service as a private soldier with the Sherwood Foresters, in which he enjoyed several Far East postings, my father, Donn Clifford Badcock (b 16 September 1939), moved back to Leicestershire to live with his uncle and aunt, Sidney and Ivy Steel of Coalville in the early 1960s, where he met my mother, Pauline Butterworth (b 28 May 1943, Hugglescote, Leics) and to whom he was married at Saint Andrew's Church, Thringstone on 30 May 1964.

    Donn and Pauline Badcock had three children: Maxine Badcock (b 8 May 1965); Stephen (Neale) Badcock (b 3 March 1967) and Jonathan (Neale) Badcock (b 22 March 1976). Maxine Badcock, by marriage to Nigel Grice (b 9 November 1952, Stretton-en-le-Field, Leicestershire), had one daughter, Kate Grice (b 28 April 1990).




    Above: My parents, Mr and Mrs Donn Clifford Badcock, pictured in 1964



  • Bertie Badcock (1898 - 1982), the fourth son of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith, married, at Ibstock Parish Church on 21 July 1920, Hilda Joyce (born 1902, the daughter of Isaac Joyce) and had six children, all of whom were baptised at Ibstock Parish Church: Vera Joyce Badcock (bapt 10 Jul 1921); Edwin Neale Badcock (bapt 5 January 1924); Joan Mary Badcock (bapt 2 May 1926); Dennis Bertie Badcock (bapt 23 August 1928); Peter Greensmith Badcock (bapt 20 March 1932; died 22 December 2011) and Carol Jean Badcock.



    Bertie and Vera Badcock

    Above: Bertie Badcock, pictured with his wife, Hilda and first born child, Vera Joyce, circa 1921.

    Bertie was my father's uncle, though the two never met due to my grandfather's removal from Leicestershire, circa 1928. The resemblance between the two however is striking.

    (My grateful thanks to Bertie's son, the late Mr Peter Greensmith Badcock and his daughter, Ms Cindy Graham of Baldock, Hertfordshire, for supplying this lovely photograph for inclusion).


    Peter and Cindy Badcock


    Sadly, six months after receiving these photographs, I received an email from Cindy to inform me that her father, Mr Peter Greensmith Badcock (with whom she is pictured above), had passed away, on 22 December 2011.

    Peter died peacefully at the Garden House Hospice in Letchworth, following a brave fight against cancer and leukemia. Cindy had moved to live with him, to support and care for him.

    I had been able to trace Peter and speak to him by telephone earlier in 2011, not knowing of his illness. Peter took an immense interest in learning of my research and subsequently told me that he had derived many hours of pleasure in perusing this web page. He had always wanted to know more of his family history, and I am so very pleased that I was able to share this information with him before he passed away. During our telephone conversations, Peter had said nothing of his illness or of the chemotherapy that he was undergoing; I learned of this only through subsequent emails from his daughter Cindy, Peter having taken more interest in discussing my research and learning more about me. He was, quite clearly, a brave and stoical gentleman, whom I regret never having met in person.





    Bertie Badcock's second son, Dennis Bertie Badcock, emigrated with his wife, Patricia Lloyd, to Australia, with his two children, Janice Badcock (b 26 March 1954) and Malcolm Badcock (b 18 November 1956). Malcolm Badcock, for some years a professional cyclist, married Yvonne Nieuwenhoven and had two children: Natalie Badcock (b 21 May 1988) and Grant Badcock (b 18 February 1990). This family now reside in Adelaide, South Australia, where Natalie Badcock practices as a solicitor.



  • The fifth son of Edwin Neale Badcock and Elizabeth Smith, Ernest Badcock, is recorded as having been born in the Market Bosworth district of Leicestershire in the quarter ending December 1901. Nothing further is known of him, though I seem to recall my uncle (Edwin A G N Badcock) telling me that Ernest is thought to have moved to London, where he married a doctor's daughter. One Ernest Badcock is found to have died in the district of Sidcup in South East London during the quarter ending June 1954, aged 53 years.




    References

    (1) 'Introduction', Survey of London: volume 19, pp 1-31: The parish of St Pancras part 2: Old St Pancras and Kentish Town (1938)
    (2) Lysons, Daniel: Hendon, The Environs of London: volume 3: County of Middlesex (1795)
    (3) Wilson, Charles: Anglo-Dutch Commerce in the Eighteenth Century, 1941, p 32
    (4) Charterhouse register 1769-1872: with appendix of non-Foundationers 1614-1769 -Page 15
    (5) Cumberland, Richard: 'Memoirs of Richard Cumberland', p 367 - 368
    (6) Foster, Joseph: 'The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, Together With Their Paternal Ancestry', 1884, p 11
    (7) Griggs, Earl Leslie: Collected Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge: 1785-1800, 2000.
    (8) Website: 'http://glosters.tripod.com/militia3.htm', accessed 17.07.09
    (9) Smith, William and Co, 'A List of Bankrupts, with their Dividends, Certificates, etc, etc For The Last Twenty Years and Six Months, viz January 1 1786 to June 24 1806 Inclusive', 1806.
    (10) White, William: History, Gazetteer and Directory of Leicestershire and Rutland, 1863, p 677
    (11) Eggington, L S: Ibstock - A Story of Her People, p 10
    (12) Knight, J A G: Coalville and District at War - A Newspaper History
    (13) Telephone Conversation with Mr Rod Saunders, current owner of Oswald Donner Ltd, Jarrom Street, Leicester, 21.07.2010


    Dedication

    Stephen Neale Badcock with daughters, on the occasion of Isabelle's Christening, St Andrew, Thringstone, Leics - 2004

    To my three wonderful daughters: Hannah Louisa Neale Badcock (born 25 April 1992, Leicester); Imogen Frances Neale Badcock (born 1 March 1996, Leicester) and Isabelle Phoebe Neale Badcock (born 2 March 2004, Burton-Upon-Trent, Staffordshire)

    Alas, "Six score acres of meadow in Kentish Town", I cannot bequeath to you, but a "sense of place in history", I can!



    Stephen Neale Badcock, Coalville, Leicestershire



    Family of Neale Badcock

    Direct Line of My Daughters' Descent:


    John Neale of Staffordshire

    Thomas Neale (born 1481, died c 1530) = Daughter of Emlin Cheshire

    Richard Neale (born 1511) = Alice Moore

    Thomas Neale (1541 - 1637) = Anne Dayrell

    Peter Neale (1586 - 1661) = Anne Cave

    Noah Neale (1612 - 1701) = Eunice Wade (died 1664)

    Noah Neale (1647 - 1734) = Elizabeth Warren
    | William Badcock (1622 - 1698) = Elizabeth

    Eunice Neale (1682 - 1756) = John Badcock (1685 - 1756)

    John Neale Badcock (1718 - 1785) = Susannah Sorsby (d.1789)

    Henry Neale Badcock (1772 - 1840) = Flora Baker

    Henry Charles Neale Badcock (1808 - 1873) = Hannah Louisa Mould (1811 - 1886)

    Edwin Neale Badcock (1849 - 1926) = Elizabeth Smith

    Arthur Neale Badcock (1896 - 1962) = Ada Steel (1900 - 1991)

    Donn Clifford Badcock (b.1939) = Pauline Butterworth (b. 1943)

    Stephen Neale Badcock (b.1967) = (i) Rebekah Hartley (b.1972) /(ii) Rebecca Kalf (b.1983)

    (i) Hannah Louisa (b. 1992), Imogen Frances (b.1996) and (ii) Isabelle Phoebe Neale Badcock (b.2004)



    Acknowledgements and Thanks (listed alphabetically, by surname):

    To my uncle, Edwin Arthur George Neale Badcock of Oadby, Leicestershire, who first attempted genealogical research many years ago, providing me with a family tree (comprising six generations) when I was a boy. Uncle Edwin conveyed to me a sense of deep significance attached to his fourth given name, 'Neale', in turn conveyed to him by forbears with the same name, but it's exact origin unknown. It seemed an exciting 'mystery' and one which I became determined to resolve - hence the considerable body of information now set out within this web page.

    To my mother, Mrs Pauline Badcock, for transcribing eighteenth century wills into word document, and to my eldest daughter, Miss Hannah Louisa Neale Badcock, for research carried out on my behalf at the London Metropolitan Archives, June 2010.

    To Mr Peter Greensmith Badcock and his daughter, Ms Cindy Graham, of Baldock, Hertfordshire for the photograph of Bertie Badcock (circa 1921) - Peter's father/Cindy's grandfather - son of Edwin Neale Badcock, and other photographs received by email, 28.06.11

    To Ms Sheila Brodrick Skinner of Broadstairs, Kent (a sixth cousin), for information relating to the descendants of Richard Neale Badcock, received via email correspondence from January 2011 onward. Acknowledgement of Sheila's information is referenced within the text by tagging (SBS) and accordant date of email received.

    To Mr Martin Bulmer of Thringstone, for restored and cleaned version of the First World War photograph of Harry, Charles and William Badcock, received by email, 25.04.13

    To Mr Stephen Butt, for information about the Woodford ancestors of the Neale family and the various routes through which this links to lines of descent from royalty, received by email, 26.10.11

    To Mr Paul Essens of Holland, for helping to date and restore the photograph of my grandfather, Arthur Neale Badcock, on his Omega motorcycle, circa 1920.

    To Roz Hickman, of the Devon Online Parish Clerk Scheme, for providing information from the registers of Harpford Parish Church, July 2010, and other assistance.

    To my brother, Jonathan Neale Badcock, for photographs of the seventeenth century sword hilt made by William Badcock of London, received by e-mail, 05.08.2012. Jonathan, now living in central London, is fascinated to have found that he has 'returned to his roots' and is a useful resource for me in being able to follow up such leads!

    To Mrs Tessa Newman (nee Badcock) for the First World War photograph of her grandfather, Charles Badcock, with his brothers, received by email, 15.08.10

    To Mr M P D O' Donoghue, York Herald of the College of Arms, for insight into matters concerning the possible origins of the Badcock coat of arms (telephone conversation, 13.09.12)

    To Ms Nita Pearson, Thringstone, Leicestershire - a fellow family and local history enthusiast - for following up some of my queries via her subscription to genealogical websites.

    To Mr Vern Prescott, Ontario, Canada, for his invaluable assistance in providing information about those members of the family descended from William Stenson and now living in North America.

    To Mr Mark Redfern of Hugglescote, for cleaning and restoring the 1920s photographs of my grandfather, Arthur Neale Badcock.

    To Ms Kathy Jenson Samples, Shelbyville, Kentucky, USA for the photograph of her great-grandparents, Charles Henry Stenson Badcock and his wife Harriet, received by email, 24.02.12

    To Mr Rod Saunders and his son, Mr James Saunders, Oswald Donner and Co Ltd, Leicester, for providing information (including photograph) relating to the Donner family, July 2010.

    To Sir Hugh Smith-Marriott Bt, of Bristol, for letter dated 27.01.11. (See section one: "Neale: Origins").

    To Ian Vickers, author of the 'Ibstock Remembers' website, for his tribute therein to Private Harry Camp Badcock and Sergeant Richard Badcock, RAF and additional information regarding the death of the latter.

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